Zenodotus of Ephesus
Zenodotus (Ancient Greek: Ζηνόδοτος) was a Greek grammarian, literary critic, and Homeric scholar. A native of Ephesus and a pupil of Philitas of Cos, he was the first librarian of the Library of Alexandria. He lived during the reigns of the first two Ptolemies, and was at the height of his reputation about 280 BC.
Zenodotus was the first superintendent of the Library of Alexandria and the first critical editor (διορθωτής diorthōtes) of Homer. His colleagues in the librarianship were Alexander of Aetolia and Lycophron of Chalcis, to whom were allotted the tragic and comic writers respectively, Homer and other epic poets being assigned to Zenodotus.
Although he has been reproached with arbitrariness and an insufficient knowledge of Greek, his recension undoubtedly laid a sound foundation for future criticism. Having collated the different manuscripts in the library, he expunged or obelized doubtful verses, transposed or altered lines, and introduced new readings. It is probable that he was responsible for the division of the Homeric poems into twenty-four books each (using capital Greek letters for the Iliad, and lower-case for the Odyssey), and possibly was the author of the calculation of the days of the Iliad in the Tabula Iliaca.
He does not appear to have written any regular commentary on Homer, but his Homeric γλῶσσαι (glōssai, "lists of unusual words, glosses") probably formed the source of the explanations of Homer attributed by the grammarians to Zenodotus. He also lectured upon Hesiod, Anacreon and Pindar, if he did not publish editions of them. He is further called an epic poet by the Suda, and three epigrams in the Greek Anthology are assigned to him.
In addition to his other scholarly work, Zenodotus introduced an organization system on the materials in the Library of Alexandria whereby texts were assigned to different rooms based on their subject matter. Within their subjects, Zenodotus organized the works alphabetically by the first letter of the name of their author. The principle of alphabetic organization, so unremarkable in modern days, was introduced by Zenodotus. In addition, library staff attached a small tag to the end of each scroll which contained information on each work’s author, title, and subject so that materials could be easily returned to the area in which they had been classified, but also so that library users did not have to unroll each scroll in order to see what it contained. Obvious and unimpressive though it may seem to those accustomed to modern libraries, this was the first recorded use of metadata, a landmark in library history.
There appear to have been at least two other grammarians of the same name:

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Zenodotus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Zenodotus (Ancient Greek: Ζηνόδοτος) was a Greek grammarian, literary critic, and Homeric scholar. A native of Ephesus and a pupil of Philitas of Cos, he was ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zenodotus
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Zenodotus Of Ephesus (Greek scholar) -- Encyclopedia Britannica
Greek grammarian and first superintendent (from c. 284 bc) of the library at Alexandria, noted for editions of Greek poets and especially for producing the first ...
www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/656549/Zenodotus-Of-Ephesus
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Gallery of Philologists | Zenodotus
Zenodotus of Ephesus studied on the Greek island of Cos, an Ionian city closely identified ... Zenodotus himself was the first head of the Library at Alexandria, ...
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“The” Library in Alexandria and the Bible in Greek - Google Books Result
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Zenodotus (of Ephesus) - Oxford Reference
Zenodotus of Ephesus (b. c.325 bc),. Source: The Oxford Classical Dictionary; Author(s): John Francis Lockwood, Robert Browning, Nigel Guy Wilson. pupil of ...
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Amazon.com: Zenodotus (of Ephesus.): Books. ... De Zenodoti Studiis Homericis.. . by Johann Heinrich J. Duentzer and Zenodotus (of Ephesus.) (Paperback ...
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Zenodotus of Ephesus - Wiley Online Library
Zenodotus of Ephesus. Francesca Schironi. Published Online: 15 SEP 2011. DOI : 10.1002/9781444350302.wbhe1521. Copyright © 2011 Blackwell Publishing ...
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Zenodotus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Zenodotus (Ancient Greek: Ζηνόδοτος) was a Greek grammarian, literary critic, and Homeric scholar. A native of Ephesus and a pupil of Philitas of Cos, he was the first librarian of the Library of Alexandria. ... Cambridge University Press.
Zenodotus (of Ephesus) - Oxford Reference
Publisher: Oxford University Press. Print Publication ... in Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World; Zenodotus ... Zenodotus of Ephesus (b. c.325 bc),. Source: ...
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Sep 12, 2012 ... zenodotus Zenodotus Zenodotus "An International Project" ATTENTION: ... and connecting to online (university) student communities. »Zenodotus of Ephesus« , (flourished 3rd century bc), Greek grammarian and first ...
Zenodotus - definition and meaning - Wordnik
Zenodotus of Ephesus, at the beginning of the 3rd century B.C.”. Hesiod, Homeric Hymns, and ... English Literature in Our Universities (II). “He said they were all ...
[PDF]ZENODOTUS' TEXT OF HESIOD - Cambridge Journals
University of Michigan. RICHARD JANKO rjanko@umich.edu doi:10.1017/ S00098388090000214. ZENODOTUS' TEXT OF HESIOD. Zenodotus of Ephesus was ...
Zenodotus - Librarian, Greek Educators... - Yatedo
Aug 17, 2012 ... The second librarian of the Royal Library of Alexandria, the critic Zenodotus of Ephesus, who served from approximately 282 to 260 B.C., was ...
Books on the term Zenodotus of Ephesus
“The” Library in Alexandria and the Bible in Greek
“The” Library in Alexandria and the Bible in Greek
Nina L Collins, 2000
Misreading of Ancient Texts Concerning ^enodotus The claim of scholars that Zenodotus was the first librarian under ... EV 'AXE^avSpEia pipXio9riKcbv npouaTn, ical TO\X; Zenodotus of Ephesus, epic poet and grammarian, pupil of Philitas, ...
Studies in the Text and Transmission of the Iliad
Studies in the Text and Transmission of the Iliad
Martin Litchfield West, 2001
Zenodotus' Text Zenodotus of Ephesus is described in the Suda as having been the first 'corrector' of Homer: 7rpwTOc, 5iop0wTr|c, tou 'Ourjpou eveveTo. We have seen that there were earlier 5iop0wTai of a sort, but Zenodotus' was no doubt ...
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology
Sir William Smith, 1849
Suidas mentions only two grammarians of the name of Zenodotus, the Ephesian and the Alexandrine ; but besides these we read of two others, Zenodotus o MaAA^r»jj, that is, of Mallus (Theon, ad Aral, fkatn. 33) ; and Zenodotus o Kperr^ rtios, ...
The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: Volume 1, Greek ...
The Cambridge History of Classical Literature: Volume 1, Greek ...
P. E. Easterling, B. M. W. Knox, 1989
Another major figure of this time was Zenodotus from Ephesus, a pupil of Philetas , who succeeded his teacher as royal tutor and became the first Librarian at the Museum. The Suda records that Zenodotus was a writer of epic: no trace of any ...
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