Zamindars of Bengal
The Zamindars of Bengal were influential in administration of territories in present day West Bengal and former East Bengal, contemporary Bangladesh. The Nawabs of Bengal ruled the area under the Mughal Empire from 1717 to 1880. Murshid Quli Jafar Khan governed the area, through his feudal chiefs, the zamindars. The zamindars dominated all the villages in Bengal. The zamindars of the area rose into prominence, owning territories that dwarfed most of the independent sovereign Kingdoms of India. Mostly credited with cultural, architectural, educational and economical development of Bengal, the area was responsible in the many events that saw British rise to power in the region, that ultimately led to India coming under British Rule. Also the struggle for freedom of 1857, saw involvement of the Bengal Army. The zamindars went on to build the first universities, colleges and museums in their area.

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Zamindars of Bengal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Zamindars of Bengal were influential in administration of territories in present day West Bengal and former East Bengal, contemporary Bangladesh.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zamindars_of_Bengal
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Category:Bengali zamindars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This category includes names of scions of the former zamindari families of Bengal. It also includes names of naturalised residents of the Presidency, who may or ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Bengali_zamindars
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Template:Bengal Zamindars - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hassan Ali Mirza Khan Bahadur (1882–1906); Wasif Ali Mirza Khan Bahadur ( 1906–1959); Waris Ali Mirza Khan Bahadur (1959–1969). Zamindars of Bengal ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Template:Bengal_Zamindars
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Permanent Settlement - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Earlier zamindars in Bengal, Bihar and Odisha had been functionaries who held ... on behalf of the Mughal emperor and his representative or diwan in Bengal.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Permanent_Settlement
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Old Zamindar Residence, North Calcutta, India. Large size view - Flickr
Zami or Jami, in Bengali, means Land, and Zamindar means Landowner or Landed Gentry (for the benefit of English viewers!). Traditionally, in India, just like in ...
www.flickr.com/photos/kanad_sanyal/763340178/
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THE ORIGIN OF ZAMINDARI ESTATES IN BENGAL. THIS paper ...
THE ORIGIN OF ZAMINDARI ESTATES IN. BENGAL. THIS paper may at once be described as a short study in the history of the "Permanent Settlement" of ...
qje.oxfordjournals.org/content/11/1/36.full.pdf
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Role of Zamindars in Bengal under Mughals - Indianetzone
Jul 6, 2011 ... Role of Zamindars in Bengal under Mughals - Informative & researched article on Role of Zamindars in Bengal under Mughals from ...
www.indianetzone.com/54/role_zamindars_bengal_under_mughals.htm
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The role of the zamindars in Bengal, 1707-1772 - Shirin Akhtar ...
The Co-ordinating State and the Economy: The Nizamat in Eighteenth ... Modern Asian Studies: page 1 of 48. C. 2008 Cambridge University Press.
books.google.com/books/about/The_role_of_the_zamindars_in_Bengal_1707.html?id=pJsuAAAAMAAJ
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Zamindari in Bengal
Mar 25, 2013 ... "In Bengal, for the year(s) 1880/1881, there were 150,420 Estates of which 140,007 were permanently settled, 7,670 were temporarly settled, ...
members.iinet.net.au/~royalty/ips/misc/bengal-zamins.html
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Zamindari System - LawNotes.in
The Zamindars of Bengal soon formed a provincial autocracy and enjoyed special privileges and rights. Zamindars are always close to the peasants and ...
www.lawnotes.in/Zamindari_System
Search results for "Zamindars of Bengal"
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Zamindars of Bengal in science
Zamindars of Bengal - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Also the struggle for freedom of 1857, saw involvement of the Bengal Army. The zamindars went on to build the first universities, colleges and museums in their ...
Zamindar - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A zamindar or zemindar on the Indian subcontinent was an aristocrat, typically ... With the Mughal conquest of Bengal, "zamindar" became a generic title .... and Local Kingship in Eighteenth-Century Bengal by Cambridge University Press pg ...
Zamindar of Natore - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Zamindars of Natore were influential aristocratic Bengali Zamindars ... two famous examples being, the University of Dacca, the first University of East Bengal ...
2 - Nazims of Bengal and the large zamindars - University ...
The distinctive feature of political life in eighteenth-century rural Bengal was the continuous domination of the revenue-collecting system by a small number of ...
The Decline of the Bengal Zamindars: Midnapore 1870-1920 ...
Chitta Datta is also Secretary and Curator, Victoria Memorial Hall, Calcutta. Product Details. Hardcover: 256 pages; Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA ...
RootsWeb: INDIA-ROYALTY-L RE: [INDIA-ROYALTY] Zamindars
Mar 18, 2006 ... "The decline of the Bengal Zamindars - Midnapore 1870-1920 by Chitta Panda, Oxford University Press, Delhi 1996, ISBN 0 19 563295 8 ...
1 - The University of Chicago Library
... Eighteenth-Century Bengal (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993), p. 89. 4 The zamindar was Kamsanarayan, of the Tahebpur region of Rajshahi.
Books on the term Zamindars of Bengal
The decline of the Bengal zamindars: Midnapore, 1870-1920
The decline of the Bengal zamindars: Midnapore, 1870-1920
Chitta Panda, 1996
With reference to Midnapore district the book questions the standard assumption that, as collaborators, Zamindars prospered under colonial rule, and argues that they passedthrough a prolonged crisis in the period 1870-1920, with a gradual ...
The Cambridge Economic History of India: Vol. 2: C. 1757 - C. 1970
The Cambridge Economic History of India: Vol. 2: C. 1757 - C. 1970
Tapan Raychaudhuri, Kumar Dharma, Irfan Habib, 1983
The level of the revenue demand, fixed in 1793, was usually much lower in Bihar than in Bengal, a fact accounting for the comparative freedom of the Bihar zamindars from auction sales of estates which ruined very many old zamindars of ...
Bangladesh: Past and Present
Bangladesh: Past and Present
Salahuddin Ahmed, 2004
6 In that year Lord Cornwallis introduced the Bengal Permanent Settlement Regulation,7 making zamindars owners of the land and fixed the rent permanently. This new arrangement granted the zamindars permanent legal status as landlords.
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Blog posts on the term
Zamindars of Bengal
From an interview with Vivek Chibber’s bête noire | Louis Proyect: The Unrepentant Marxist
louisproyect.wordpress.com/2013/05/11/from-an-interview-with-vivek-chibbers-bete-noire/
History - Modern India: Weakness & Suppression of Revolt of 1857
Weakness of Revolt of 1857:Limited spread did not spread to South India & most of Western India because these regions had repeatedly rebelled earlier Madras, Bombay, Bengal & Western Punjab remained undisturbed Most rulers & zamindars refused to join due to selfish & fearful reasons and helped in suppressing the revolt Sindhia of Gwalior Holkar of Indore Nizam of Hydrabad Raja of Jodhpur & other Rajput rulers Nawab of Bengal Rulers of Patiala, Nabha, Jind & other Sikh chieftains of Punjab Maharaja of Kashmir Ranas of Nepal many other ruling chiefs, big zamindars Other people were hostile to Revolt: Middle & upper classes money-lenders who were attacked by rebels merchants who were subjected to heavy taxation by rebels to finance the revolt Zamindars of Bengal remained loyal to British merchants of Bombay, Calcutta & Madras supported British because their profits came from foreign trade & economic connections with British merchants modern educated Indians were repelled by rebel's appeals to superstitions & their opposition to progressive social measures Lack of weapons, sound leadership, coordination & poor strategy short of modern weapons & other materials for war used ancient weapons as pikes & swords troops were poorly organized, brave & selfless but indisciplined rebel units did not have common plans of military action or authoritative heads or centralized leadership uprising in different parts of country were uncoordinated leaders were joined together by common feeling of hatred against British they were suspicious & jealous of one another & often indulged in suicidal quarrels Lack of understanding of current state & future scenarios leaders did not know what sort of political power or institution to create in its place peasantry having destroyed books & overthrown money-lenders & new zamindars became passive and did not know what to do movement had little understanding of colonialism & modern world lacked a forward-looking program, coherent ideology, a political perspective or a vision of the future society & economy Positive outcomes of Revolt of 1857: created new type of organization: court of administrators at Delhi, consisting of 10 members - 6 armymen & 4 civilians - which took all military & administrative decisions in the name of Emperor brought the Indian people together & imparted to them the consciousness of belonging to one country Suppression of Revolt of 1857 British imperialism to strong for Revolt with a developing capitalist economy & at he height of its power the world over supported by most of the Indian princes & chiefs poured immense supplies of men, money & arms Captured Delhi on 20th Sept 1857 captured Delhi after prolonged & bitter fighting Bahadur Shah taken prisoner, tried & exiled to Rangoon where he died in 1862 Royal Princes were captured & butchered on the spot British defeated rebel leaders: Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansidied on field of battle on 17 June 1858 Nana Sahib defeated at Kanpur, escaped to Nepal in 1859 Tantia Tope escaped into jungles of Central India from where he carried on guerrilla warfare until April, 1859 when he was betrayed by a zamindar friend & captured & put to death after hurried trail on 15th April 1859 By 1859 - Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan, Khan Bahadur Khan of Bareilly, Rao Sahib & Maulavi Ahmadullah were all dead Begum of Awadh was compelled to hide in Nepal.
modernindianotes.blogspot.com/2013/05/weakness-suppression-of-revolt-of-1857.html
Welcome to Mamun's Blog: Permanent Settlement Act of 1793
mamunedu.blogspot.com/2011/12/permanent-settlement-act-of-1793.html
Raiyat
encyclopedia.sorgol.com/raiyat/
INDIA UNDER ATTACK & OTHER MUSINGS !!: LALGARH : ULTRA LEFT TAKES ON LEFT
SECURING LALGARHLalgarh – There is so much information that I do not think I can add anything substantive to the ongoing debate. However, I have been told to write a small piece, after all, the blog was originally “BENGAL UNDER ATTACK”.
bengalunderattack.blogspot.com/2009/06/lalgarh-ultra-left-takes-on-left.html
Vantage point: Shallowness of the West Bengal Land Reforms
Ever since I first read about the Singur controversy, a bee has been buzzing in my bonnet. It finally bit.
gauravsabnis.blogspot.com/2006/12/shallowness-of-west-bengal-land.html
THE GREAT 1857 UPRISING IN INDIA: PATRIOTIC AND COMPRADOR ZAMINDARS IN THE GREAT REBELLION OF 1857 - Utsa Patnaik
WHAT made the great Bengal zamindars such faithful servants of the British Raj that they stood solidly behind the foreign rulers in 1857 and after, even though one of the first salvos of rebellion was fired by the Company’s sipahis in Barrackpur near Kolkata; while the taluqdars and zamindars of the United Provinces, the erstwhile ruling aristocracies of the Deccan, all rose against the Company’s rule once the lead had been given by the sipahis, and unitedly coordinated their struggle under the titular leadership of the Mughal Emperor? What in short explains the comprador nature of the feudal Bengal zamindars and the anti-imperialist activism of the equally feudal landed aristocrats of North India and the Bombay Deccan? The answer has to be sought in the political economy of the differing land settlements that the British undertook in Bengal compared to the rest of India. The compradorism of the Bengal zamindars was not accidental, but was the successful outcome of the conscious and clever strategy the foreign rulers had followed of building a base of social and political support for themselves in the very first province of India they had conquered, and they built this base through the 1793 Permanent Settlement of the revenues of Bengal.
the1857uprisinginindia.blogspot.com/2010/02/patriotic-and-comprador-zamindars-in.html
PSEUDO HUMAN RIGHTS ORGANISATIONS DEFEND ANTINATIONAL TERRORISTS: MAMATA SUPPORTS ZAMINDARS AND RICH FARMERS OF RURAL BENGAL
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pseudohros.blogspot.com/2012/01/mamata-supports-zamindars-and-rich.html
The Sampradaya Sun - Independent Vaisnava News - Feature Stories - October 2010
www.harekrsna.com/sun/features/10-10/features1878.htm
Indian National congress » Titumir
nationalcongress.in/indian-congress/freedom-fighters/titumir/
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