Wooden Churches of the Slovak Carpathians
Carpathian Wooden Churches is the name of a UNESCO World Heritage Site that consists of nine wooden religious buildings constructed between the 16th and 18th centuries in eight different locations in Slovakia. They include two Roman Catholic (Hervartov, Tvrdošín), three Protestant (so-called Articular churches in Hronsek, Leštiny, Kežmarok) and three Greek Catholic churches (Bodružal, Ruská Bystrá, Ladomirová) plus one belfry in Hronsek. In addition to these churches there are about 50 more wooden churches in the territory of present-day Slovakia mainly in the northern and eastern part of the Prešov Region (see e.g. this map).
Roman Catholic wooden church of St. Francis of Assisi in Hervartov (see picture above) has a Gothic character as represented by its tall but narrow structure unusual for a wooden church. It was built in the second half of the 15th century and thus represents the oldest of its type in Slovakia. The floor is made of stones again unlike in most of wooden churches where it is usually made of wood. Rare wall paintings were added in 1665 during the reformation period and they depict, among others, Adam and Eve in the Eden or the struggle of St. George with the dragon. The main altar of Virgin Mary, St. Catherine of Alexandria, and St. Barbara was made between 1460 and 1470 and restored in the second half of the 20th century.
Roman Catholic Gothic church of All Saints in Tvrdošín was built in the second half of the 15th century and modified in a Renaissance style in the 17th century. Baroque main altar depicting All Saints is from the end of the 17th century. Remaining part of the original Gothic altar with St. Peter and St. John the Baptist ended up in muzeum in Budapest after the World War I. Worth of notice are also ceiling paintings depicting the starry heaven, as well as many religious artefacts from the 17th century.
Severe restrictions embodied in the articles of the Congress of Sopron (1681) that enabled building of Protestant, so called articular, churches caused their extraordinary appearance. They must have been built within the single year, without any metal parts such as nails, and without any tower. Thus the construction of the church in Hronsek began on 23 October 1725 and was finished in the autumn of the 1726, the same year when the adjacent belfry was built as well. Church is 8m high and has a shape of the cross with arms 23 and 18m long. As there are many unusual motives from Scandinavian architecture, it is assumed that craftsmen from Norway and/or Sweden participated on the construction site. Unique is also the ordering of the benches on the choirs so that the church can accommodate 1100 worshipers through its 5 doors. The altar has 6 tables from 1771 by Master Samuel Kialovič.
Construction of the wooden evangelical articular church in Leštiny in the Orava region of Slovakia was ordered by Jób Zmeškal and finished in 1688. Interior dates back to the 17th and 18th century nad it is whole beautifully painted. Main altar is from the 18th century and the famous Slovak poet Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav was baptised here as well.
Built in 1717, church in Kežmarok with one of the most fascinating interiors with exceptional wall paintings as well as wood carvings is considered to be the most beautiful of the last 5 remaining articular churches in Slovakia. In order to raise money for the construction of the church, fund-raising campaigns were conducted in many parts of Europe, e.g. Sweden and Denmark. The architect of the church was Juraj Müttermann from Popradu and with its width of 30.31m, length of 34.68m, and height of 20.60m, it together with 6 side choirs it can serve more than 1500 worshipers, which is quite an achievement for a wooden church. Ceiling paintings started in 1717 and continued for several decades. They depict blue heaven, 12 apostles, 4 evangelists, plus the Holy Trinity above the altar. Ján Lerch from Kežmarok made the altar between 1718 and 1727 with the central motive of the Calvary. Extraordinary masterwork is also the organ built between 1717 and 1720 by Vavrinec Čajkovský, and extended in 1729 by Master Martin Korabinský from Spišská Nová Ves. After general restoration in the 1990s services are again regularly hold there.
Greek Catholic church of St. Nicholas in Bodružal built in 1658 consists of three interconnected square-shaped parts along the east-west axis with 3 towers (the biggest one with the bells) topped with little onion domes and iron crosses. Artistically it belongs to folk Baroque style. Church is surrounded with the cemetery, wall, and the belfry from the 19th century. Some of the 18th century wall paintings are still preserved as well as iconostasis, and other icons from the same century. Altar was reconstructed in 1990s and the whole building subsequently in the 2004. Two of the three bells was melted down in the World War I and replaced only in the second half of the 1920s. From 1968 until the middle of the 1990s the church was biritual, i.e. holding Greek Catholic as well as Eastern Orthodox services. nowadays it belongs only to the Greek Catholic Church.
Church of St. Nicholas in Ruská Bystrá built at the beginning of the 18th century has just 2 towers and the shape of its almost perfect geometric roof resembles traditional houses of peasants. Interior with religious artefacts dates back to the 18th century as well.
Church of Archangel Michael in Ladomirová built in 1742 without a single nail has basically the same design as the one in Bodružal including its surroundings (wall, cemetery, belfry).

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Wooden Churches of the Carpathians: A Comparative Study
Wooden Churches of the Carpathians: A Comparative Study
Joby Patterson, 1999
This seminal study focuses on wooden churches built by Romanian peasants, examining the evolution of church building from 1000-1900 in the region known as Maramures--a particularly powerful source of Romanian cultural tradition--from an art history perspective.
Wooden Churches of the Carpathians: A Comparative Study
Wooden Churches of the Carpathians: A Comparative Study
Joby Patterson, 2001
In this carefully crafted volume, Michael Kort describes the wartime circumstances and thinking that form the context for the decision to use these weapons, surveys the major debates related to that decision, and provides a comprehensive ...
Lonely Planet Ukraine (Country Travel Guide)
Lonely Planet Ukraine (Country Travel Guide)
Marc Di Duca, 2011
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Slovakia
Lucy Mallows, 2007
THE RUSYN M1NOR1TY AND THE WOODEN CHURCHES Slovakia has the highest density of wooden churches anywhere in Europe. On both sides of the Carpathian Mountains of the Slovak-Polish border region are located more than 100 ...
A World of Curiosities: Surprising, Interesting, and Downright Unbelievable Facts from Every Nation on the Planet...
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Caves of Aggtelek Karst and Slovak Karst® 3. Early Christian ... Rock-Hewn Churches of Ivanovo O Srebarna Nature Reserve its Natural Environment1 7. ... Wooden Churches of the Slovak Part Poland of the Carpathian Mountain Area O 1.
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Lonely Planet, Lisa Dunford, Brett Atkinson, 2010
The particular form of sacral architecture that developed at the crossroads of Eastern and Western Christianity in the Carpathian foothills is the cerkvi (tserkva). These dark-wooden, Eastern- Rite churches typically honoured the Holy Trinity with ...
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Wooden Churches of the Slovak Carpathians
Wooden Churches of the Slovak part of the Carpathian Mountain Area - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
UNESCO World Heritage Centre
whc.unesco.org/en/list/1273
Wooden Churches and Folk Architecture of the Carpathian Mountains: Nová Polianka, Slovakia (now in Svidník outdoor museum)
On a hill above the town of Svidník in north-eastern Slovakia lies the Ukrainian and Rusyn Village Museum, a collection of farm buildings, windmills and other historical wooden structures gathered from the surrounding region. The highlight of the museum is the Greek-Catholic wooden church originally from the small village of Nová Polianka, a few kilometres south of Svidník.
carpathianwoodenchurches.blogspot.com/2012/11/nova-polianka-slovakia-now-in-svidnik.html
The Goulash Train - Central and Eastern Europe Adventure Travel: Wooden Churches of the Carpathian Mountains # 27 - Tročany, Slovakia
This newly restored church stands in the centre of the small village of Tročany, located south of Bardejov in eastern Slovakia. Research conducted during the past few years has confirmed that the church is much older than had been previously thought; samples taken from its wooden beams were tested and the date of its construction was found to be the end of the 15th century or the first years of the 16th century.
thegoulashtrain.blogspot.com/2012/11/wooden-churches-of-carpathian-mountains_19.html
UNESCO sights in Slovakia | Slovak-Republic.org
www.slovak-republic.org/unesco/
wooden churches of slovakia | saf affect
(by Susan - saf affect)
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Wooden treasures on Photography Served
Project’s goal was to capture specific mood of the place and time.
www.photographyserved.com/gallery/Wooden-treasures/4192919
WORLD, COME TO MY HOME!: 0572-0573 ROMANIA (Maramureş) - Wooden churches of Maramureş (UNESCO WHS)
In the entire Carpathian area which stretching from Maramureş (Romania) to Southern Lesser Poland, through Zakarpattia (Ukraine) and Eastern Slovakia, the locals have developed over time the craft of building wooden churches. I find it very interesting that this craft transcends not only the countries borders (which have changed many times throughout history) but also the ethnic affiliation and religious beliefs, such churches being built by Romanians, Ukrainians, Rusyns, Hutsuls, Slovaks and Poles, be they Orthodox, Catholics, Greek Catholics or Protestants.
worldcometomyhome.blogspot.com/2013/03/0572-0573-romania-maramures-wooden.html
POSTCARD EXCHANGE: SLOVAKIA - Wooden Churches of the Slovak part of Carpathian Mountain Area
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postcards-exchange.blogspot.com/2008/10/slovakia-wooden-churches-of-slovak-part.html
North of Andorra: The Carpathian Wooden Road
I have heard Rusyns called by many names: Ruthenes, Sub-Carpathians, Rusniaks, Lemkos, Ukraines, and the list goes on. Perhaps this is the lot of a "lost people", a people without their own country.
northofandorra.blogspot.com/2010/09/carpathian-wooden-road.html
My UNESCO World Heritage Postcards: Slovakia - Wooden Churches of the Slovak part of the Carpathian Mountain Area
"The Wooden Churches of the Slovak part of Carpathian Mountain Area inscribed on the World Heritage List consist of two Roman Catholic, three Protestant and three Greek Orthodox churches built between the 16th and 18th centuries. The property presents good examples of a rich local tradition of religious architecture, marked by the meeting of Latin and Byzantine cultures.
smspostcard3.blogspot.com/2009/04/missing-slovakia-wooden-churches-of.html
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