Terra Mariana
Terra Mariana (Land of Mary) was the official name for Medieval Livonia or Old Livonia (German: Alt-Livland, Estonian: Vana-Liivimaa, Latvian: Livonija), which was formed in the aftermath of the Livonian Crusade in the territories comprising present day Estonia and Latvia. It was established on 2 February 1207, as a principality of the Holy Roman Empire but lost this status in 1215 when proclaimed by Pope Innocent III as directly subject to the Holy See.
Terra Mariana was divided into feudal principalities by Papal Legate William of Modena:
- Duchy of Estonia (Dominum directum to the King of Denmark)
- Archbishopric of Riga
- Bishopric of Courland
- Bishopric of Dorpat
- Bishopric of Ösel-Wiek
- Military administration of the Livonian Brothers of the Sword
After the 1236 Battle of Saule the surviving members of the Brothers merged in 1237 with the Teutonic Order of Prussia and became known as the Livonian Order. In 1346 the Order bought Danish Estonia. Throughout the existence of medieval Livonia there was a constant struggle over supremacy, between the lands ruled by the Church, the Order, the secular German nobility and the citizens of the Hanseatic towns of Riga and Reval. Following its defeat in the Battle of Grunwald in 1410 the Teutonic Order and the Ordenstaat fell into decline but the Livonian Order managed to maintain its independent existence. In 1561, during the Livonian war, Terra Mariana ceased to exist. Its northern parts were ceded to Sweden and formed into the Duchy of Estonia, its southern territories became part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania — and thus eventually of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth — as the Duchy of Livonia and the Duchy of Courland and Semigallia. The island of Saaremaa became part of Denmark.
Since the beginning of the 20th century Terra Mariana (Estonian: Maarjamaa) has been used as a poetic name or sobriquet for Estonia. In 1995 the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, a state decoration, was instituted to honor the independence of Estonia.

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Terra Mariana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Terra Mariana (Land of Mary) was the official name for Medieval Livonia or Old ... Terra Mariana was divided into feudal principalities by Papal Legate William of ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Terra_Mariana
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Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana is bestowed by the President of the Republic on foreigners who have rendered special services to the Republic of ...
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Terra Mariana
Terra Mariana.
www.terramariana.ee/
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© Conventus Terra Mariana - Summary
Webzine Terra Mariana is meant for discussions and strives for justice. It consists of the following columns: organization, interviews, society, culture and religion.
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Terra Mariana Interior Design (terramariana) on Pinterest
Terra Mariana Interior Design is using Pinterest, an online pinboard to collect and share what inspires you.
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Terra Mariana - Landmark | Facebook
Terra Mariana. 9 likes · 0 talking about this. Terra Mariana was the official name for Medieval Livonia or Old Livonia, which was formed in the aftermath of the ...
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Terra Mariana by Igor Trepeshchenok and Nata Pestune - Thisispaper
'Terra Mariana', the Land of Mary, has two mothers - christian Mary and the goddess of fertility, Mara. The rituals and traditions were very important for keeping ...
thisispaper.com/Igor-Trepeshchenok-and-Nata-Pestune-Terra-Mariana
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Terra Mariana Interior Design
ABOUT INTERIORS COLLECTION CONTACT Services: Residential Interior Design Commercial Interior Design Show Home Design Retail Window Styling ...
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Terra Mariana
Livonija – Līvzeme - Marijas Zemes – Terra Mariana: ieskats vēsturē "Terra Mariana": albums – dāvana Romas pāvestam Leo XIII (1888) "Terra Mariana": ...
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The Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, 5th Class | Martin Randall ...
Mar 14, 2012 ... Find out the latest news on cultural events, musical extravaganzas and unique experiences. Contact Martin Randall today for you next break on ...
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Terra Mariana in science
Terra Mariana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Terra Mariana (Land of Mary) was the official name for Medieval Livonia or Old Livonia (German: Alt-Livland, Estonian: .... Cambridge University Press. p. 269.
Contemplation for Defending People Living in Terra Mariana
One other educated indigenous of Terra Mariana, Rein Taagepera, has publicly presented the research results of certain universities of the USA, from what ...
© Conventus Terra Mariana - Year 2012
Oct 17, 2013 ... Conventus Terra Mari... The Queenship of Mary · Culture · Mass for and ... Conventus Terra Mariana. Powered By CMSimple.dk | Designed By ...
Colonizing the Landscape: A Case Study of Medieval Livonia
Jun 10, 2012 ... Colonizing the Landscape: A Case Study of Medieval Livonia. Kivimäe, Jüri (University of Toronto). Fourth International Conference of the ...
Terra Mariana by Igor Trepeshchenok and Nata Pestune - Thisispaper
'Terra Mariana', the Land of Mary, has two mothers - christian Mary and the ..... who established his brand in 2010 after studying fashion design at University of ...
The towns of medieval Livonia, (University of California, Berkeley ...
The towns of medieval Livonia, (University of California, Berkeley. University of California publications in geography) [John Leighly] on Amazon.com. *FREE* ...
Femme au foyer: Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana
Feb 8, 2012 ... The five classes of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana are given as a ... Guntis is a professor at the University of Washington and one of the ...
the St. Marianna University School of MedicineSt.Marianna ...
logo St.Marianna University School of Medicine. Respect for dignity of life is the foundation of all medicaleducation. Search; Sitemap. 2-16-1, Sugao, ...
Books on the term Terra Mariana
Terra Mariana
Terra Mariana
Lambert M. Surhone, Miriam T. Timpledon, Susan F. Marseken, 2010
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Baltic States: Lithuania, Latvia, Livonia, Estonia, Terra ...
Baltic States: Lithuania, Latvia, Livonia, Estonia, Terra ...
LLC Books, 2010
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Alice & André no Universo das Maravilhas: O Planeta Terra (Portuguese Edition)
Alice & André no Universo das Maravilhas: O Planeta Terra (Portuguese Edition)
2010
Alice e André são gémeos. Acabaram de fazer sete anos e, como a maioria das crianças da sua idade, são curiosos, dinâmicos e sempre atentos ao que se passa em seu redor. No seu aniversário recebem um estranho presente do seu tio preferido: um Globo Terrestre com poderes mágicos! Graças ao Globo mágico os gémeos, sempre acompanhados da sua gata Jo, ...
Recipients of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, 1st ...
Recipients of the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana, 1st ...
Source Wikipedia, 2011
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
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Terra Mariana
Папа Франциск: вот так я изменю Церковь » Terra Mariana
Сегодня в итальянской газете "Ла Репубблика" вышло еще одно интервью папы Франциска, которое он дал редактору этой газеты, атеисту Эудженио Скальфари. Предлагаем вам фрагменты интервью в переводе Эллы Дмитриевой...Папа Франциск говорит мне: "Самые ...
terramariana.org/papa-francisk-vot-tak-ya-izmenyu-cerkov/
Fox Davies Capital Update Featuring Kalimantan Gold, Mariana, Patagonia Gold, Petra Diamonds, Cairn Energy, Nostra Terra | Fox Davies Capital
Oil & Gas Corporate News Chariot Oil & Gas Limited (CHAR LN, 126.50p, ▼ 0.20%) today provided an update with regard to its drill rig contract negotiations. As reported in the Interim...
www.stockopedia.com/content/fox-davies-capital-update-featuring-kalimantan-gold-mariana-patagonia-gold-petra-diamonds-cairn-energy-nostra-terra-62336/
Escucha el podcast con Mariana Saucedo de Terra México | Revista InformaBTL: Promociones, Activaciones y Below the Line | Below The Line
Ciudad de México.- Esta semana charlamos con Mariana Saucedo, coordinador de Mercadotecnia de Terra México, con quien platicamos sobre la estrategia digital que posee el sitio de Internet y cuáles son las acciones de Marketing Interactivo que están llevando a cabo.
www.informabtl.com/2013/10/01/escucha-el-podcast-con-mariana-saucedo-de-terra-mexico/
Femme au foyer: Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana
On the first of February (the eve of Independence Day), the Republic of Estonia honored 99 people with the Order of the Cross of Terra Mariana (Maarjamaa Risti teenetemärk in Estonian and Māras zemes krusta ordenis in Latvian). This decoration was instituted in 1995 to honor the independence of the Estonian state, and the highest class (of six), the Collar of the Order, is bestowed upon the President of the Republic.
femmeaufoyer2011.blogspot.com/2012/02/order-of-cross-of-terra-mariana.html
varandej: Аглона. Terra Mariana.
varandej.livejournal.com/592878.html
Ziemia Maryi- Terra Mariana - Wykop.pl
Gdy niemiecki Zakon Krzyżacki opanował Łotwę i Estonię z podbitych ziem utworzono państwo Terra Mariana (czyli Ziemia Maryi po łacinie) zze stolicą w Rydze, zamieszkałe przez Niemców, Łotyszy i Estończyków. Były to początki wielosetletniego panowania Niemców na Łotwie i Estonii.
www.wykop.pl/link/1540557/
Absinthe Minded: Nordic Noir from Terra Mariana
From http://www. estlit.
absinthenew.blogspot.com/2013/02/nordic-noir-from-terra-mariana.html
Latvijas prezidents Igaunijai dāvina faksimila izdevumu "Terra Mariana"
Ceturtdien, 25.jūlijā, Igaunijas pilsētas Vīlandes folkloras mūzikas festivāla atklāšanas pasākumā Latvijas Valsts prezidents Andris Bērziņš Igaunijas prezidentam Tomasam Hendrikam Ilvesam pasniedza unikālā albuma "Terra Mariana" faksimila izdevumu. Albums ir nozīmīgs tā vēsturiskā, mākslinieciskā un kultūras satura dēļ un ir svarīga kādreizējās "Terra Mariana" zemju – Latvijas un Igaunijas – nacionālā kultūras mantojuma un Katoļu Baznīcas kultūras un mākslas mantojuma sastāvdaļa. Latīņu valodā sarakstītā albuma "Terra Mariana 1186-1188" oriģināls atrodas Vatikāna Apustuliskajā bibliotēkā. Tas ticis dāvināts pāvestam Leo XIII priesterības 50 gadu jubilejā 1888.gadā. Albums ir krāšņi ilustrēts un vēsta par kristīgās ticības izplatīšanos Latvijā un Igaunijā – kādreizējā Livonijā, ko mēdz saukt par Marijas zemi (Terra Mariana). Albuma 70 lapās (61x45 cm) atrodams bagātīgs vizuālais un tekstuālais materiāls par Livonijas pilīm, pilsdrupām, baznīcām, kapakmeņiem, senu dižciltīgu dzimtu ģerboņiem, zīmogiem, vēsturiskām personībām, kā arī seno sudraba un zelta monētu nospiedumi. Tā kā albums dāvinājumam tika izgatavots tikai vienā eksemplārā un līdz šim ir bijis pieejams vienīgi Vatikāna Apustuliskajā bibliotēkā, iespēja piekļūt unikālajam kultūras mantojumam ir bijusi ļoti ierobežota. Tādēļ 2007.gadā Latvijas Nacionālā bibliotēka un Vatikāna Apustuliskā bibliotēka, klātesot Latvijas ārlietu ministram, parakstīja kopizdevuma līgumu, kas paredz albuma "Terra Mariana" faksimilizdevuma un tā zinātnisko komentāru izdošanu. 2008. un 2009.gadā noritēja albuma 10 pilnīgā izmēra faksimila druka Itālijas izdevniecībā. Savukārt 2011.gadā albuma faksimila kopijas tika nogādātas Rīgā un glabājas Ārlietu ministrijā. Šobrīd noris albuma zinātnisko komentāru sagatavošanas pēdējie darbi. Tiek plānots, ka 2013.gada nogalē tiks pabeigti 1000 samazināta izmēra faksimilizdevuma eksemplāru un tos pavadošo zinātnisko komentāru izdevniecības darbi un jau drīzumā ar šo unikālo izdevumu varēs iepazīties arī plašāka sabiedrības daļa Latvijā, Igaunijā un citviet pasaulē.
unity.lv/news/938867/
drougos.gr - OI 32 OMAΔΕΣ ΤΟΥ ΜΟΥΝΤΙΑΛ ΤΗΣ ΒΡΑΖΙΛΙΑΣ.
[Translate] ΑΠΟ ΕΥΡΩΠΗ ΓΕΡΜΑΝΙΑ-ΑΓΓΛΙΑ-ΙΤΑΛΙΑ-ΟΛΛΑΝΔΙΑ-ΙΣΠΑΝΙΑ-ΒΕΛΓΙΟ-ΡΩΣΙΑ-ΕΛΒΕΤΙΑ-ΒΟΣΝΙΑ ΕΡΖΕΓΟΒΙΝΗ-ΕΛΛΑΔΑ-ΠΟΡΤΟΓΑΛΙΑ-ΓΑΛΛΙΑ ΚΑΙ ΚΡΟΑΤΙΑ. ΑΠΟ ΝΟΤΙΑ ΑΜΕΡΙΚΗ ΒΡΑΖΙΛΙΑ-ΟΥΡΟΥΓΟΥΑΗ-ΚΟΛΟΜΒΙΑ-ΑΡΓΕΝΤΙΝΗ-ΙΣΗΜΕΡΙΝΟΣ-ΧΙΛΗ.
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