Richmond Union Passenger Railway
The Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia, was the first practical electric trolley (tram) system, and set the pattern for most subsequent electric trolley systems around the world. It is an IEEE milestone in engineering.
The Richmond system was not the first attempt to operate an electric trolley. According to the IEEE, there were at least 74 earlier attempts to provide electric trolley service in over 60 communities in North America, the United Kingdom, and continental Europe. However, these earlier attempts were not reliable enough to replace the existing animal-powered trolleys.
The Richmond system was designed by Frank Julian Sprague. After trials in late 1887, it began regular operation on February 2, 1888, with 10 streetcars. Electric power was supplied through overhead trolley wires (450 volts) for two 7.5 horsepower (5.6 kW) motors on each car. Large cars weighed 6900 pounds, provided 40 seats, and carried up to 100 passengers; small cars weighed 6700 pounds with 22 seats and up to 65 passengers. Running speed was 7.5 miles/hour, with 15 miles/hour as a maximum speed. By June 1888 the system contained 40 cars running on some 12 miles (19 km) of track, including steep grades, and with 30 curves.
Its success proved that electric traction was both safe and reliable. The Boston City Council, after inspecting Richmond's system on September 7, 1888, approved construction the second such project by the West End Street Railway. Boston's trolley was closely patterned upon Richmond's, and again demonstrated its practicality. By 1895 almost 900 electric street railways and nearly 11,000 miles (18,000 km) of track had been built in the United States, and in a little over a decade animal-powered street railways had essentially vanished.
Richmond's electric trolley service ended on November 25, 1949.

This is an excerpt from the article Richmond Union Passenger Railway from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Richmond Union Passenger Railway at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 301 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 11/10/2013)
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Richmond Union Passenger Railway - Wikipedia, the free ...
The Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia, was the first practical electric trolley (tram) system, and set the pattern for most subsequent ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richmond_Union_Passenger_Railway
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A history of Richmond's trolleys ‹ CHPN - Church Hill People's News
Feb 16, 2006 ... The Richmond trolley system was known as the Richmond Union Passenger Railway. In 1992 the IEEE, Institute of Electrical and Electronics ...
chpn.net/news/2006/02/16/a-history-of-richmonds-trolleys_336/
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Milestones:Richmond Union Passenger Railway, 1888 - GHN: IEEE ...
Richmond Union Passenger Railway, 1888. Richmond, VA Dedicated February 1992 - IEEE Richmond Section. In February 1888, the electric street railway ...
www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Milestones:Richmond_Union_Passenger_Railway,_1888
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Newspaper Article: The Last Trolley - Richmond Then and Now
The Richmond Union Passenger Railway Company, of which J. Thompson Brown was president, was chartered on March 23, 1887, and broke ground for an  ...
richmondthenandnow.com/Newspaper-Articles/Last-Trolley.html
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Frank Sprague - Inventor of the Week: Archive
He served several tours as an officer on the USS Richmond, USS Minnesota and ... rail system in Richmond, Virg., for the Richmond Union Passenger Railway.
web.mit.edu/invent/iow/sprague.html
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Our History | GRTC
1887 (March 23) – City Council adopted an ordinance granting a franchise to the Richmond Union Passenger Railway Company to operate an electric operated ...
www.ridegrtc.com/about-us/our-history
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Frank Sprague - Electrical Pioneer - The Edison Tech Center
Sprague incorporated many of these inventions in the equipment his company installed for the Richmond (VA) Union Passenger Railway in 1887-1888, the first  ...
edisontechcenter.org/FrankSprague.html
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Richmond Union Passenger Railway In ... | Richmond Area History
Richmond Union Passenger Railway In February 1888, the electric street railway system designed by Frank Julian Sprague for the Richmond Union Passenger ...
www.pinterest.com/pin/282319470362843869/
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Richmond Trivia - Trolley House Refreshment Services
Union Passenger Railway was the first successful electric street railway transit agency. It was formed in 1888 at Richmond. The system was designed by Frank ...
trolleyhouseva.com/about-us/coffee-break/richmond-trivia
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1882 - USHistory.org
Directors of union Passenger Railway Company resolve to adopt the ... the tracks of the same road and the Reading Railroad at Kensington and Port Richmond.
www.ushistory.org/philadelphia/timeline/1882.htm
Search results for "Richmond Union Passenger Railway"
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Richmond Union Passenger Railway in science
Milestones:Richmond Union Passenger Railway, 1888 - GHN: IEEE ...
Richmond Union Passenger Railway, 1888. Richmond, VA Dedicated February 1992 - IEEE Richmond Section. In February 1888, the electric street railway ...
Richmond Union Passenger Railway - Wikipedia, the free ...
The Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia, was the first practical electric trolley (tram) system, and set the pattern for most subsequent ...
Newspaper Article: The Last Trolley - Richmond Then and Now
1949 Newspaper article describes the history of trolleys in Richmond, Virginia. ... The Richmond Union Passenger Railway Company, of which J. Thompson ... to Westhampton Park with its terminal on the present University of Richmond ...
1882 - USHistory.org
Directors of union Passenger Railway Company resolve to adopt the cable-motor ... of the same road and the Reading Railroad at Kensington and Port Richmond. ... Four-oared gig race between the classes of the University of Pennsylvania, ...
Roads & Rail - Business on Broad Street - Richmond Times-Dispatch
Oct 31, 2013 ... The roots of Richmond's outer suburbs stretch along several blocks of West Broad ... first electric streetcars ran on the Richmond Union Passenger Railway. ... professor of American Studies at the University of Richmond.
VCU pulls into former trolley station - Richmond BizSense
Mar 13, 2013 ... He attended the University of Richmond. ... “The Richmond Union Passenger Railway, in Richmond, Virginia, was the first practical electric ...
From A Richmond Streetcar Life Through the Lens of Harris Stilson ...
From A Richmond Streetcar Life Through the Lens of Harris Stilson [Kitty Snow] ... included Virginia Union University, the Eggleston Hotel, Lowe's Theatre (The ...
Richmond Staples Mill Road Station, VA (RVR) | Amtrak
Amtrak train station Richmond Staples Mill Road, VA (RVR) is served by Northeast Regional, Carolinian, Silver Service and Palmetto, with an enclosed waiting ...
Richmond - Search Results University Press Scholarship Online
Items 1 - 10 of 20 ... White mountaineers greeted the Richmond government's policies with ... electric railcar project for the Richmond Union Passenger Railway.
Title Pages - University Press Scholarship Online
Published to University Press Scholarship Online: August 2013 ... Sprague Electric Railway and Motor Company and the Richmond Union Passenger Railway ...
Books on the term Richmond Union Passenger Railway
Acts of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia
Acts of the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia
Virginia, 1890
Any lease, purchase, ownership, or control by the Richmond railway and electric company of the Richmond city railway company, by or through the Richmond Union Passenger Railway company, shall be deemed and considered, for the ...
Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States
Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States
1987
This first full-scale history of the development of the American suburb examines how "the good life" in America came to be equated with the a home of one's own surrounded by a grassy yard and located far from the urban workplace. Integrating social history with economic and architectural analysis, and taking into account such factors...
The Southeastern Reporter
The Southeastern Reporter
1899
Error to circuit court of city of Richmond. Action by the Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac Railroad Company against the Richmond Union Passenger Railway Company. There was a Judgment for plaintiff, and defendant brings error.
Hidden History of Richmond
Hidden History of Richmond
2012
Dr. Walter S. Griggs Jr. is a professor at Virginia Commonwealth University in Richmond, Virginia, where he teaches law. He has also taught history courses in the Honors College. He holds a master's degree from the University of Richmond, a juris doctorate from the University of Richmond School of Law and a doctorate from the College of Willia...
Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States
Crabgrass Frontier: The Suburbanization of the United States
Kenneth T. Jackson, 1985
After experimenting on a 2OO-foot length of track in a New York City alley, he entered into an agreement in 1887 with the Richmond Union Passenger Railway to devise a system that would serve Virginia's largest city in its entirety.
A City So Grand: The Rise of an American Metropolis, Boston 1850-1900
A City So Grand: The Rise of an American Metropolis, Boston 1850-1900
Stephen Puleo, 2011
No period in Boston's history was more dynamic than the second half of the 19th century, writes Puleo (The Boston Italians) in this smoothly narrated account of that time and place. Through the determination of the abolitionists, the empire-building of the city's merchants, the dogged endurance of the impoverished Irish immigrants, the ci...
The Street Railway Journal
The Street Railway Journal
1904
Journal DIAGRAM SHOWING MILES OF TRACK AND DIFFERENT MOTIVE POWERS OF STREET RAILWAYS IN THE UNITED STATES SO.000 (r..ooo Street Rj Joiinul DIAGRAM ... Richmond Union Passenger Railway Co., Richmond, Va.
Richmond Landmarks (Images of America (Arcadia Publishing))
Richmond Landmarks (Images of America (Arcadia Publishing))
Katarina M. Spears, 2012
Katarina M. Spears has worked professionally in all aspects of museum and historic site management in her 20-year career and holds university degrees in art history and anthropology. Currently she works for the Library of Virginia Foundation, the nonprofit partner of the Library of Virginia, which serves as a repository for the personal and public ...
At the Falls: Richmond, Virginia and Its People
At the Falls: Richmond, Virginia and Its People
Marie Tyler-McGraw, 1994
... 298, 305 Richmond Traction Company, 201 Richmond Union Foundry, 91 Richmond Union Passenger Railway Company, 201 Richmond Virginian, 23 1 Richmond Whig, 132, 171 Richmond Women's Christian Temperance Union ( WCTU), ...
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Richmond Union Passenger Railway
VCU buys Richmond Glass Shop building at 814 W. Broad St. | Richmond BizSense
VCU buys the former Richmond Glass Shop building at 814 West Broad Street to house its dance and visual production programs, says Brian Ohlinger, head of VCU Facilities Management.
www.richmondbizsense.com/2013/03/13/vcu-pulls-into-former-trolley-station/
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Frank J. Sprague - GHN: IEEE Global History Network
www.ieeeghn.org/wiki/index.php/Frank_J._Sprague
Hampered by Tunnels, Center BRT Lanes on Geary Limited to the Richmond | Streetsblog San Francisco
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I Ride The T: Juice Jacks of the Past
Juice Jack, motor: Slang terms for an electric locomotive. This post started out as a trip report from the The Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg, PA, then I got distracted by the fascinating history of the Pennsylvania Railroad's electric locomotive fleet and before I knew it I had written a brief history of heavy electric locomotives in the United States.
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The Electrified Baltimore Belt Railroad
The Baltimore Belt Railroad was a short extension built by the B&O to connect its line to New York with the rest of the system, opening in 1895 and entirely electrified.
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Day 60 – Brown’s Island | 365 Things to do Around Richmond Virginia
With all of the recent activities taking place on Brown's Island, I thought it would be a good idea to talk about the island itself. It is a beautiful place located on the James River, downtown, which makes it a perfect afternoon getaway. First, the history. Brown's island was formed in 1789 with the beginnings of…
365richmondva.wordpress.com/2010/05/18/day-60-browns-island/
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While electric locomotives never truly caught on in America they are by far the most efficient type of motive power. Learn about most of the models manufactured here.
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