Psychological shock
Acute stress reaction (also called acute stress disorder, psychological shock, mental shock, or simply shock) is a psychological condition arising in response to a terrifying or traumatic event. It should not be confused with the unrelated circulatory condition of shock, or the concept of shock value.
"Acute stress response" was first described by Walter Cannon in the 1920s as a theory that animals react to threats with a general discharge of the sympathetic nervous system. The response was later recognized as the first stage of a general adaptation syndrome that regulates stress responses among vertebrates and other organisms.
The onset of a stress response is associated with specific physiological actions in the sympathetic nervous system, both directly and indirectly through the release of adrenaline and to a lesser extent noradrenaline from the medulla of the adrenal glands. These catecholamine hormones facilitate immediate physical reactions by triggering increases in heart rate and breathing, constricting blood vessels. An abundance of catecholamines at neuroreceptor sites facilitates reliance on spontaneous or intuitive behaviors often related to combat or escape.
Normally, when a person is in a serene, unstimulated state, the "firing" of neurons in the locus ceruleus is minimal. A novel stimulus, once perceived, is relayed from the sensory cortex of the brain through the thalamus to the brain stem. That route of signaling increases the rate of noradrenergic activity in the locus ceruleus, and the person becomes alert and attentive to the environment.
If a stimulus is perceived as a threat, a more intense and prolonged discharge of the locus ceruleus activates the sympathetic division of the autonomic nervous system (Thase & Howland, 1995). The activation of the sympathetic nervous system leads to the release of noradrenaline from nerve endings acting on the heart, blood vessels, respiratory centers, and other sites. The ensuing physiological changes constitute a major part of the acute stress response. The other major player in the acute stress response is the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.

This is an excerpt from the article Psychological shock from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Psychological shock at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 16 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/09/2013)
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Emotional and Psychological Trauma:…
Learn about emotional trauma, including the symptoms and what you can to do heal and move on.
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Psychological trauma - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the psyche that occurs as a result of a severely distressing event. When that trauma leads to posttraumatic stress ...
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Acute stress reaction - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This article is about the psychological condition sometimes called shock. ... Acute stress reaction (also called acute stress disorder, Psychological shock, mental ...
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Understanding and managing psychological trauma - Australian ...
The word 'trauma' is derived from the Greek term for 'wound'. Very frightening or distressing events may result in a psychological wound or injury - a difficulty in ...
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Managing traumatic stress: Tips for recovering from disasters and ...
Shock is a sudden and often intense disturbance of your emotional state that may leave you feeling stunned or dazed. Denial involves not acknowledging that ...
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Trauma - American Psychological Association
Trauma is an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape or natural disaster. Reactions such as shock and denial are typical. Longer term ...
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Emotional and Psychological Trauma: Causes, Symptoms, Effects ...
familiar, even to professionals: emotional or psychological trauma. ... The ability to recognize emotional trauma has changed radically over the course of history.
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Psychological shock - Medical Terms
May 6, 2009 ... Psychological shock - Medical Terms is a service who provides descriptions and explanations of health related terms.
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Psychological / Emotional Trauma: an overview - Healing Resources
Causes, Symptoms, Effects, and Treatments to Emotional and Psychological Trauma.
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Emotional Shock Resources - Band Back Together
Emotional shock often occurs after a traumatic event, in which someone's mental state of mind is affected. Read on to find more information about emotional ...
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Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy®
This journal is a publication of APA Division 56 (Trauma Psychology) ... Subscribe to the RSS feed for Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and ...
Milgram experiment - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
... of social psychology experiments conducted by Yale University psychologist ... The "teacher" was given an electric shock from the electro-shock generator as ...
Charting the psychology of evil, decades after 'shock' experiment ...
Dec 19, 2008 ... Charting the psychology of evil, decades after 'shock' experiment ... Milgram experiment, participants believed they were giving electric shocks
The Milgram Obedience Experiment - Psychology - About.com
Milgram developed an intimidating shock generator, with shock levels ... Top Related Searches yale university psychologist stanley milgram psychologist stanley ...
Do Psychological Shocks Affect Financial Risk Taking Behavior? A ...
Jun 20, 2013 ... Vicki L. Bogan, PhD Cornell University ... Experiencing a trauma or Psychological shock such as a war or natural disaster has been associated ...
Psychological Trauma | University Of Chester
Students studying on the MSc in Psychological Trauma will learn about the nature of traumatic stress, post traumatic stress disorder and dissociation and the ...
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trauma). Washington DC – Dr Wendy. Berger (intergenerational transmission of violence, PTSD). Auburn University. Department of Psychology. 322 Haley ...
Milgram Experiment - Simply Psychology
Stanley Milgram, a psychologist at Yale University, conducted an experiment ... shock generator and a row of switches marked from 15 volts (Slight Shock) to ...
Stop and See Milgram's 'Shock Box' - Association for Psychological ...
Apr 19, 2013 ... Milgram's Simulated Shock Generator is making the trip from the Center for the History of Psychology at The University of Akron down to ...
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Apr 26, 2012 ... Ms Backwell, then a 19-year-old student at La Trobe University, ... book, Behind the Shock Machine, by Melbourne psychologist Gina Perry, Ms ...
Books on the term Psychological shock
The Psychology of Culture Shock
The Psychology of Culture Shock
Colleen A. Ward, Stephen Bochner, Adrian F. Furnham, 2001
This thoroghly revised and updated edition of the classic Culture Shock examines the psychological and social processes involved in intercultural contact, including learning new culture specific skills, and managing stress.
Psychological Trauma
Psychological Trauma
Bessel A. Van Der Kolk, 2003
Psychological Trauma provides a basis for understanding human response to trauma. The consequences of specific traumas have usually been described as separate entities. This is the first book to examine human response to trauma as a whole.
Emotional Healing With Homeopathy: Treating the Effects of Trauma
Emotional Healing With Homeopathy: Treating the Effects of Trauma
Peter Chappell, 2003
This book adds form and substance to homeopathic healing, aligning older theories in the Organon with modern psychological theory about how disease takes hold in our body.
Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Mental ...
Shock Therapy: A History of Electroconvulsive Treatment in Mental ...
Edward Shorter, David Healy, 2013
In this book, Edward Shorter and David Healy trace the controversial history of ECT and other "shock" therapies.
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Blog posts on the term
Psychological shock
Krauthammer: "First Successful Bombing, Terror Explosion Since 9/11" | RealClearPolitics
CHARLES KRAUTHAMMER: What strikes me is part of the reason for the Psychological shock is that if you think about it, Bret, this is the first successful bombing -- terror explosion since 9/11. We've had some that were attempted, like the one in Times Square that never succeeded. We've had by my count, about ten terrorist attacks in the U.S. since 9/11, all of them have been shootings with one exception, which is a man who drove a car into a crowd at University of North Carolina. But this is the first explosion. I think that's what gives this the sort of psychological resonance. People running in the street of a big city, the smoke. Of course, it's nowhere near the scale of 9/11, but it's the first time. And I think that is sort of a historical echo that we're feeling and it reminds us of how vulnerable we felt at the beginning of this whole decade of terror. And that even though, we thought that we had largely escaped, and we have largely escaped, it is still out there. (Special Report, April 15, 2013)
www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2013/04/15/krauthammer_first_successful_bombing_terror_explosion_since_911.html
Future shock? Adapting to change | Solving for Pattern
Conventional wisdom is that we are living in an era of unprecedented socio-technological change. But not everyone agrees.
www.solvingforpattern.org/2013/06/23/future-shock-adapting-to-change/
Mental health helpline launched | eHEALTH Magazine
ehealth.eletsonline.com/2013/06/mental-health-helpline-launched/
Mental health bill will grant right to patients : Postnoon
postnoon.com/2013/07/01/mental-health-bill-will-grant-right-to-patients/133101
Treatment of Trauma and Psychological Trauma Can Help Survivors Heal
Trauma Treatment and Trauma Healing from Complex Trauma, Emotional Trauma, and Psychological Trauma, including PTSD, are possible.
www.nicabm.com/nicabmblog/helping-survivors-feel-safe-again-with-trauma-treatment/
Plantar Fasciitis — Are you serving as the “shock absorber” for others? « JOURNAL OF HUMANITARIAN AFFAIRS
Maureen Minnehan Jones — Are you the “shock absorber” for your family and friends? If so, it’s possible you could develop plantar fasciitis. After all, the plantar fascia ligament serves as the “shock absorber” for our feet.
greenheritagenews.com/plantar-fasciitis-are-you-serving-as-the-shock-absorber-for-others/
Car accident trauma - Psychologist in La Jolla | La Jolla Light
Healing from car accident trauma requires recognition and treatment of emotional and psychological symptoms as well as physical injuries.
www.lajollalight.com/2013/03/16/healing-after-car-accident-trauma-taking-emotional-physical-and-psychological-factors-into-account/
Psychological Injuries Are Recoverable Under Workers Compensation Act | Michael J. Brennan
Posted on May 3, 2013 by admin.
mjblawoffices.com/personal-injury/psychological-injuries-are-recoverable-under-illinois-workers-compensation-act/
Psychological Shock Therapy | OH DAWN
February 22, 2013 by OH DAWN.
ohdawn.com/psychological-shock-therapy/
Disturbing news for patients and shock docs alike — How America treats mental illness almost never leads to recovery but often results in disability, suicide or drug addiction | Peace and Freedom
Policy and World Ideas
johnib.wordpress.com/2013/06/21/disturbing-news-for-patients-and-shock-docs-alike-how-america-treats-mental-illness-almost-never-leads-to-recovery-but-often-results-in-disability-suicide-or-drug-addictio/
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