Pro venia legendi
Habilitation (lat. habilis "fit, proper, skillfull") is the highest academic qualification a scholar can achieve by his or her own pursuit in many[citation needed] countries in Europe, Central Asia, and the Caucasus. Earned after obtaining a research doctorate, such as a PhD, habilitation requires that the candidate write a professorial thesis (or habilitation thesis) based on independent scholarship, reviewed by and defended before an academic committee in a process similar to that of the doctoral dissertation. However, the level of scholarship has to be considerably higher than that required for a research doctoral (PhD) thesis in terms of quality and quantity, and must be accomplished independently, in contrast with a PhD dissertation typically directed or guided by a faculty supervisor.
In the sciences, publication of numerous (frequently ten or more) research articles is required during the habilitation period of about four to ten years. In the humanities, a major book publication may be a prerequisite for defense. The teaching ability of the habilitation candidate is usually also evaluated.
Whereas the PhD is sufficient qualification for a full university faculty position in many other countries, where in use, only the habilitation qualifies the holder to independently supervise doctoral candidates.
Habilitation qualifications exist in France (Habilitation à diriger des recherches, "accreditation to supervise research", abbreviated HDR), Switzerland, Germany (Priv.-Doz. and/or Dr. habil.), Austria (formerly Univ.-Doz., now Priv.-Doz.), Denmark, Bulgaria, Poland (dr hab., doktor habilitowany), Portugal (Agregação), Romania (abilitare), Sweden and Finland (Docent or Doc.), Czech and Slovakia (Docent), Hungary, Latvia (Dr. habil.), Slovenia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Lithuania (Habil. dr.), Moldova, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Ukraine, Belarus, and Russia (Doktor nauk)[citation needed]. A similar qualification known as Livre-docência still exists in some private universities at Brazil, and at a university in the state of São Paulo, but has disappeared in other parts of Brazil[citation needed]. In Spain it is called "acreditación" and it is a requirement for access to some kinds of posts in state-owned universities. Similarly, the so-called Libera docenza existed in Italy until 1970. The habilitation, derived from the Medieval Latin habilitare—"make suitable, fit"—developed in the eighteenth century.
The word habilitation can be used to describe the qualification or the process of earning it. It is sometimes incorrectly used to refer to the thesis written as part of that process.

This is an excerpt from the article Pro venia legendi from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Pro venia legendi at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 18 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 06/11/2013)
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what does "Pro venia legendi" means? - alt.language.latin | Google ...
Mar 24, 2008 ... Hello, can somebody explain what does "Pro venia legendi" means in the following phrase: Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, a Russian ...
groups.google.com/group/alt.language.latin/browse_thread/thread/565500ca37d4b2cf
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Pro venia legendi - Словари и энциклопедии на Академике
см. Pro venia docendi На получение права читать лекции.
dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/latin_proverbs/2022/Pro
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De Pericle Thucydideo: Specimen Secundum, Scripsit...pro Venia ...
De Pericle Thucydideo: Specimen Secundum, Scripsit...Pro venia legendi Rite ... De Pericle Thucydideo: Specimen Secundum, Scripsit...Pro venia legendi ...
www.amazon.com/Pericle-Thucydideo-Scripsit-pro-Mdcccxxxi-publice-Defendet-josephus/dp/1274389313
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what does "Pro venia legendi" means?
Mar 24, 2008 ... Hello, can somebody explain what does "Pro venia legendi" means in the following phrase: Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, a Russian ...
alt.language.latin.narkive.com/lTKSyWr3/what-does-pro-venia-legendi-means
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De Cicerone etymologo: Diss. pro venia legendi - Karl A. Benecke ...
De Cicerone etymologo: Diss. Pro venia legendi (Google eBook). Front Cover · Karl A. Benecke, Franz August Brandstäter ...
books.google.com/books/about/De_Cicerone_etymologo.html?id=mz09AAAAcAAJ
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Habilitation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The habilitation is awarded after a public lecture, to be held after the thesis has been accepted, and after which the venia legendi is bestowed. In some areas ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Habilitation
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Praelectionem pro venia legendi obtinenda ... - Google Books
Title, Praelectionem Pro venia legendi obtinenda auctoritate illustris ictorum ordinis ... Author, Gustav Dietzel. Publisher, ex officina Giesecke & Devrient, 1853 ...
books.google.com/books/about/Praelectionem_pro_venia_legendi_obtinend.html?id=zd4qAAAAYAAJ
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Theses quas publice defendendas pro venia legendi obtinenda in ...
Nov 20, 2012 ... Siegmund Günther, Norimbergensis Theses quas publice defendendas Pro venia legendi obtinenda in Alma Literarum Universitate ...
books.google.com/books/about/Theses_quas_publice_defendendas_pro_veni.html?id=fPdTAAAAcAAJ
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de Cicerone Etymologo: Diss. Pro Venia Legendi... - Karl A Benecke ...
This data is provided as an additional tool in helping to ensure edition identification: ++++ De Cicerone Etymologo: Diss. Pro venia legendi Karl A. Benecke, ...
books.google.com/books/about/de_Cicerone_Etymologo.html?id=jNe5uQAACAAJ
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BARNES & NOBLE | Praelectionem Pro Venia Legendi Obtinenda ...
Feb 2, 2012 ... Praelectionem Pro venia legendi Obtinenda Auctoritate Illustris Ictorum Ordinis: Die Xvi. M. Martii A. Mdcccliii... In Auditorio Iuridico Publice ...
www.barnesandnoble.com/w/praelectionem-pro-venia-legendi-obtinenda-auctoritate-illustris-ictorum-ordinis-gustav-dietzel/1111106874
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Pro venia legendi in science
Habilitation - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A docent is allowed to lecture at a university ("venia legendi") and to supervise Ph.D. students at that university. There is no separate notion of habilitation in ...
Education, professional training and appointments [Uniklinik ...
Education, professional training and appointments ... Venia Legendi in Psychiatry at Eberhard-Karls-University, Tübingen, Germany. Postgraduate training and ...
Curriculum vitae of Jörg Tatzelt - Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität ...
... Professional Degrees Awards and Honours Professional ...
[PDF]Prof. Dr. med. Andreas Reif Academic education and ... - ECNP
Psychosomatik und Psychotherapie, University of Würzburg ... Habilitation / Venia legendi in Psychiatry, University of. Würzburg ... Professional experience: ...
[PDF]CV of Friedrich Paulsen - vision-research.eu - The Gateway to ...
2001 Habilitation (PhD) and Venia legendi for anatomy. Professional. Experience . 1996-1997 Medical employee: Institute of Anatomy of the university of Kiel ...
Marita Rohr Inglehart, Dr. phil. habil. | University of Michigan School ...
(venia legendi: Psychology) (Minor: Education), University of Mannheim, West Germany. Honors and ... Academic Appointments and Professional Experience ...
[PDF]Curriculum Vitae (summary PDF) - Klaus Bartschat, Drake University ...
May 16, 2013 ... Habilitation (“venia legendi”), Physics (1989), University of Münster ... 300 refereed papers in professional journals (+ 2 accepted + 4 submitted) ...
[PDF]German
University); venia legendi in Political Science;. Professional History. 1989–1992: Doctoral fellow in the interdisciplinary Post-. Graduate Programme for Social ...
Plant biology at the University of Fribourg » Reinhardt group
Professional experience: ... 2006 Venia legendi (Habilitation), University of Fribourg; 2004: Venia legendi (Habilitation), University of Berne; 1995: PhD, ...
Prof. Dr. Dr. von Schorlemer - Technische Universität Dresden
Jun 9, 2012 ... 1997 venia legendi international law and international politics (double ... pro- director of the School of International Studies at the University of ...
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