Oliver Brown (civil rights)
Oliver L. Brown (August 2, 1918 Springfield, Missouri – June 1961) was the plaintiff in the landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court case Oliver L. Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka, more famously known by its shorter title Brown v. Board of Education. The Court overturned the doctrine of separate but equal for public schools, in effect declaring it unconstitutional to have separate public schools for black and white students. The decision is considered a major milestone in the U.S. civil-rights movement.
Brown was a welder in the shops of the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, an assistant pastor at St. Mark's A.M.E Church. Brown's daughter Linda, a third grader, had to walk six blocks to her school bus stop to ride to Monroe Elementary, her segregated black school one mile (1.6 km) away, while Sumner Elementary, a white school, was seven blocks from her house.
In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the NAACP was attempting to desegregate schools in Kansas through lawsuits. Brown, a NAACP member, was convinced to join the lawsuit by civil-rights lawyer Charles S. Scott, a childhood friend. In the autumn of 1950, 13 Topeka parents including the Browns agreed to take their children to the nearest whites-only school to their house with witnesses, and attempt to enroll them. This provided documentation for the NAACP's lawsuit, which was filed in February 1951. Brown, as the only male parent, was designated the lead plaintiff, so the case bore his name. The lawsuit was defeated in federal district court, but its decision provided evidence to prove that black people were receiving inferior education, proof that the "separate but equal" doctrine was not working. This led to a wider federal lawsuit that challenged segregation in general. It was eventually appealed to the Supreme Court, combined with other cases from Delaware, South Carolina, Virginia and Washington, DC. The combined cases became known by the title of the Kansas case: Oliver L. Brown v. The Board of Education of Topeka. On May 17, 1954, the Court, in a unanimous decision, ruled that the segregation of schoolchildren by race was a violation of the Fourteenth Amendment.
Brown died of a heart attack in Springfield, Missouri in 1961. In 1988, the nonprofit Brown Foundation for Educational Equity, Excellence and Research was founded by Topeka community members to honor Oliver Brown and to preserve the legacy of the Civil Rights movement. His daughter Cheryl Brown Henderson works with the foundation. On October 26, 1992, after two years of work by the Brown Foundation, President George H. W. Bush signed the Brown v. The Board of Education National Historic Site Act, establishing the former Monroe Elementary School as a national park.

This is an excerpt from the article Oliver Brown (civil rights) from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Oliver Brown (civil rights) at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 822 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/27/2013)
Images on Oliver Brown (civil rights)
Preview image:
Original:
Search results from Google and Bing
5
1
1
Early Civil Rights Struggles: Brown v.…
In the early 1950's, racial segregation in public schools was the norm across America. Although all the schools in a given district were supposed to be equal, most ...
www.watson.org/~lisa/blackhistory/early-civilrights/brown.html
1
>30
2
Oliver Brown (civil rights) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Oliver L. Brown (August 2, 1918 Springfield, Missouri – June 1961) was the plaintiff in the landmark 1954 U.S. Supreme Court case Oliver L. Brown v. The Board ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oliver_Brown_(civil_rights)
2
>30
3
Oliver Brown - First plaintiffs in the civil rights case Brown vs Topeka ...
Feb 22, 2013 ... Oliver Brown was born in Springfield, Missouri on August 17, 1918. A member of the Topeka Branch of the NAACP, he was a welder in the ...
www.kaaac.ks.gov/news-events/meetings-and-signature-projects/events/2013/02/22/oliver-brown---first-plaintiffs-in-the-civil-rights-case-brown-vs-topeka-board-of-education-et-al-
3
>30
4
Brown v. Board of Education - Library
If the Civil Rights Movement is new to you, you can visit our dictionary page from any ... Linda's father, Oliver Brown, and thirteen other parents tried to enroll their ...
library.thinkquest.org/J0112391/brown_v__board_of_education.htm
4
>30
5
Brown vs Board of Education - Congress of Racial Equality
Aug 12, 2013 ... One of the most important decisions of the Civil Rights Movement ... The 1954 United States Supreme Court decision in Oliver L. Brown et.al. v.
www.core-online.org/History/brown_vs_board.htm
6
>30
6
Brown, Oliver, 1918- - the Civil Rights Digital Library
Brown, Oliver, 1918-. Biography: Brown was plaintiff in the landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, 1954. Oliver Brown, one ...
crdl.usg.edu/people/b/brown_oliver_1918/
7
>30
7
Oliver Brown and the NAACP - Legal Dictionary - The Free Dictionary
Board of Education, 347 U.S. 483, 74 S. Ct. 686, 98 L. Ed. 873 (1954), Oliver Brown was an unlikely hero for the Civil Rights Movement. The African American ...
legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Oliver+Brown+and+the+NAACP
8
>30
8
How did Oliver Brown contribute to Civil Rights Movement
He fought for equal rights. By that i mean that he fought for equal protection and won his case. his case was about the segregation in schools. As a result African ...
wiki.answers.com/Q/How_did_Oliver_Brown_contribute_to_Civil_Rights_Movement
9
>30
9
Brown v. Board at Fifty - Library of Congress
Oliver Brown, one of thirteen plaintiffs, had agreed to participate on behalf of his ..... head of the Civil Rights Congress, a leftist organization, attributes opposition ...
www.loc.gov/exhibits/brown/brown-brown.html
10
>30
10
Documents Related to Brown v. Board of Education
Linda Brown, who was born in 1943, became a part of civil rights history as a ... Linda's father, Oliver Brown, challenged Kansas's school segregation laws in the ...
www.archives.gov/education/lessons/brown-v-board/bios.html
Search results for "Oliver Brown (civil rights)"
Google: approx. 1.930.000
Oliver Brown (civil rights) in science
Brown, Oliver, 1918- - the Civil Rights Digital Library
Oliver Brown, one of thirteen plaintiffs, had agreed to participate on behalf of his ... Civil Rights in Mississippi Digital Archive (University of Southern Mississippi ...
Brown v. Board of Education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas," was named after Oliver Brown as a legal ... of law at the University of Kansas—conducted the state's ambivalent defense in his ..... In June 1987, Philip Elman, a civil rights attorney who served as an ...
Linda Brown Biography - Facts, Birthday, Life Story - Biography.com
On Biography.com, learn more about Linda Brown and her association with the ... State University; PLACE OF BIRTH: Topeka, Kansas; AKA: Linda Brown Smith ... was born on February 20, 1942, in Topeka, Kansas, to Leola and Oliver Brown. ... The strategy was for the civil rights group to file a lawsuit on behalf of the 13 ...
Documents Related to Brown v. Board of Education
Linda Brown, who was born in 1943, became a part of civil rights history as a third ... Linda's father, Oliver Brown, challenged Kansas's school segregation laws in the ... From 1930 to 1933, Marshall attended Howard University Law School and ...
We Shall Overcome -- Brown v. Board of Education
Photograph courtesy of Atkins Collection, George Mason University Libraries ... laws which limited the rights of African Americans, particularly in the South. ... the heading Oliver L. Brown et. al. vs. the Board of Education of Topeka , (KS) et. al.
Brown vs Board of Education - Congress of Racial Equality
Aug 12, 2013 ... One of the most important decisions of the Civil Rights Movement ... The 1954 United States Supreme Court decision in Oliver L. Brown et.al. v.
Civil Rights: The Surge Forward: 1954-1960
Jul 18, 2012 ... The Civil Rights Movement: The Surge Forward: 1954-1960 ... Brown was a class -action suit named after Oliver Brown, a parent chosen to head .... became the first black student to attend the University of Alabama, in 1956.
Brown v. Board of Education (Supreme Court Drama) Study Guide ...
Appellants: Oliver Brown and several other parents of black schoolchildren ... a number of measures to recognize and protect the civil rights of black Americans. ... the same opportunities as the long established University of Texas Law School .
Oliver Brown and the NAACP - Legal Dictionary - The Free Dictionary
Definition of Oliver Brown and the NAACP in the Legal Dictionary - by Free online ... in the struggle of African Americans to gain equal Civil Rights in U.S. society. ... available to whites at the more established University of Texas Law School.
Brown v. Board at Fifty - Library of Congress
By 1964, ten years after Brown, the NAACP's focused legal campaign had been ... brought the Civil Rights Movement and Dr. Martin King to the attention of the world. ... While the court had granted her the right to attend the university, the white ..... Oliver Harrington, an influential African American cartoonist, published this ...
Books on the term Oliver Brown (civil rights)
The Unfinished Agenda of Brown V. Board of Education
The Unfinished Agenda of Brown V. Board of Education
James Anderson, Dara N. Byrne, 2004
A provocative and inspiring exploration of a pivotal moment in our history, this book is both a celebration and thorough reassessment of Brown v. Board of Education and its legacy.
Brown V. Board of Education: The Case for Integration
Brown V. Board of Education: The Case for Integration
Judith Conaway, 2006
Discusses the circumstances leading up to the 1954 Supreme Court case that fought segregation in American schools and the results and repercussions of the case.
Brown v. Board of Education : A Civil Rights Milestone and Its ...
Brown v. Board of Education : A Civil Rights Milestone and Its ...
James T. Patterson Ford Foundation Professor of History Brown University, 2001
A Civil Rights Milestone and Its Troubled Legacy James T. Patterson Ford Foundation Professor of History Brown ... of the first-listed plaintiff in Brown, her father Oliver Brown, walked six blocks to catch the school bus that drove her to school a ...
The Civil Rights Act of 1964: An End to Racial Segregation
The Civil Rights Act of 1964: An End to Racial Segregation
Judy L. Hasday, 2007
A seven-year-old girl named Linda Brown would soon be immortalized in civil rights history. Brown's father, Oliver, the catalyst for the lawsuit, sought the assistance of the NAACP in challenging segregation in his hometown. As Linda ...
Civil Rights
Civil Rights
David Seidman, 2001
Oliver Brown, Linda's father, tried to enroll her in the white school, but the principal said no. ... The act set up the Commission on Civil Rights to investigate inequality and set up a Civil Rights Division in the Justice Department to enforce civil ...
Development of Google searches


Blog posts on the term
Oliver Brown (civil rights)
Virginia’s role in the civil rights movement | WTVR.com
The son of a local civil rights leader says Virginia's role is something to cherish.
wtvr.com/2013/08/28/virginias-role-in-the-civil-rights-movement/
Sanders: Brown family didn't talk about landmark civil rights decision | Online Athens
OnlineAthens.com is the daily online edition of The Athens (GA) Banner-Herald.
onlineathens.com/opinion/2013-02-19/sanders-brown-family-didnt-talk-about-landmark-civil-rights-decision
TLC "Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site"
Monroe Elementary in Topeka was at the heart of a crucial civil-rights battle. Learn all about the Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site.
tlc.howstuffworks.com/family/brown-v-board-of-education-national-historic-site.htm
key moments in the civil rights movement leading up to the march on washington: 1954 to august 1963 | seeking spirit
key moments in the civil rights movement leading up to the march on washington: 1954 to august 1963 August 25, 2013 in american, change, civil rights, community, compassion, dreams, freedom, hope, promise, spirit Key Moments Leading up to the March on Washington from Bill Moyers & Company May, 1954 – Brown v. Board of Education When, in 1951, the Sumner School in Topeka, Kansas refuses to admit 9-year-old Linda Brown because she is black, it unknowingly sets the stage for the Supreme Court ruling that would mandate desegregation of all public schools, push segregation and Jim Crow into the public eye and fuel what would become a decades-long civil rights movement.
aseekingspirit.wordpress.com/2013/08/25/key-moments-in-the-civil-rights-movement-1954-to-august-1963/
Thank You for a Great Bill of Right Dinner
www.texascivilrightsproject.org/3595/21st-annual-bill-of-right-dinner-to-honor-sisters-of-brown-v-board/
Top 50 Twitter follows @UniOfYork | Nouse
By Tom Witherow, Muse EditorSunday 1st September 2013 | Web Exclusive | 1 comment.
www.nouse.co.uk/2013/09/01/top-50-twitter-follows-uniofyork/
High school ginger wins battle for incandescent red hair | The Daily Caller
'It's definitely a freedom of expression issue'
dailycaller.com/2013/08/30/high-school-ginger-wins-battle-to-sit-in-class-with-incandescent-cherry-red-hair/
Jamie Foxx March on Washington | Black America Web
Actor Jamie Foxx spoke during the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington on Wednesday.
blackamericaweb.com/161577/video-jamie-foxx-challenges-kanye-jay-z-to-be-civil-rights-leaders/
Daily Kos: Sunday Talk: White is the new black
www.dailykos.com/story/2013/09/01/1235106/-Sunday-Talk-White-is-the-new-black
123