Nuclear Doctrine of Pakistan
The Nuclear doctrine of State of Pakistan (otherwise referred as Option-enhancing Policy (OeP); or simply: Nuclear doctrine;), is a theoretical concept of military strategy that promotes the deterrence by guaranteeing an immediate "massive retaliation" to an aggressive attacks against the state. This doctrine obtained various mathematical models of the "Game theory" for its effective operational use; it is consisted of numbers of set of strict principles (roughly based on Game theory, Nash equilibrium and parts of the Decision theory), rules, regulations, and comprehensive instructions for the operational employment or non-operational employment of atomic weapons and other strategic systems associated with those weapons.

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Nuclear doctrine of Pakistan - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Nuclear doctrine of State of Pakistan (otherwise referred as Option- enhancing Policy (OeP); or simply: Nuclear doctrine;), is a theoretical concept of military ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nuclear_doctrine_of_Pakistan
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India and Pakistan's Nuclear Doctrines: A Comparative Analysis ...
Apr 11, 2012 ... In 1974, India conducted a nuclear test that it termed as a 'peaceful nuclear explosion'. However, in 1998, India conducted a full scale nuclear ...
sspconline.org/opinion/India_Pakistans_NuclearDoctrines_11042012
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Pakistan's Nuclear Doctrine and Command and Control System ...
proto Pakistani nuclear use doctrine from its declaratory and operational postures , ... together to understand the emerging structure of Pakistan's nuclear doctrine.
casi.sas.upenn.edu/system/files/Security+Challenges+-+2006.pdf
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Nuclear doctrine of Pakistan | Facebook
Nuclear Doctrine of Pakistan. 6 likes · 0 talking about this.
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Pakistan's Nuclear Doctrine :: Gatestone Institute
Apr 25, 2011 ... Although US policymakers have long been concerned about the possibility that Pakistan's nuclear weapons might fall into the hands of ...
www.gatestoneinstitute.org/2040/pakistan-nuclear-doctrine
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The Evolution of Indian and Pakistani Nuclear Doctrine
May 7, 2008 ... Credible Minimum Deterrence and Nuclear Doctrine. “We refuse to enter a nuclear arms race and instead seek stability in the region. Pakistan ...
belfercenter.ksg.harvard.edu/files/uploads/Sagan_MTA_Talk_050708.pdf
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Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues
Feb 13, 2013 ... Pakistan's nuclear arsenal probably consists of approximately 90-110 nuclear ... nuclear doctrine, but its “minimum credible deterrent” is widely ...
fpc.state.gov/documents/organization/205211.pdf
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Pakistan's 'First Use' in Perspective | Institute for Defence Studies ...
May 12, 2011 ... That 'first use' is inherent in Pakistan's nuclear doctrine is less indicative of what the doctrine contains and more the general consensus with ...
www.idsa.in/idsacomments/PakistansFirstUseinPerspective_aahmed_120511
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Nuclear Doctrine | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses
Feb 10, 2013 ... The robustness of India's nuclear doctrine would face a severe challenge in the case of conventional military offensives into Pakistan in a future ...
www.idsa.in/taxonomy/term/100
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Pakistan | Country Profiles | NTI - Nuclear Threat Initiative
Islamabad has yet to formally declare a nuclear doctrine, so it remains unclear under what conditions Pakistan might use nuclear weapons. [24] In 2002 then- ...
www.nti.org/country-profiles/pakistan/nuclear/
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Nuclear Doctrine of Pakistan in science
[PDF]The limited military utility of Pakistan's battle-field - Princeton University
Studies at the University of Bradford, UK, in March 2007. It serves .... While Pakistani leaders have issued no formal nuclear doctrine, it is widely understood that.
Pakistan | Country Profiles | NTI - Nuclear Threat Initiative
Initial steps toward the development of Pakistan's nuclear program date to ... a nuclear doctrine, so it remains unclear under what conditions Pakistan might .... The Making of the Pakistani Bomb (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2012 ).
N-deterrence - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
This doctrine is not a part of the nuclear doctrine, which is designed for the use of the ... Externally, the nuclear status was a way to boost Pakistan's prestige, ... On 20 May 1999, in his address at the National Defence University (NDU), Prime ...
[PDF]Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons: Proliferation and Security Issues
Feb 13, 2013 ... Pakistan's nuclear arsenal probably consists of approximately 90-110 ... nuclear doctrine, but its “minimum credible deterrent” is widely regarded as ...... Azam University in Islamabad stated that it is “extremely unlikely” that, ...
Nuclear Weapon Programmes of India and Pakistan: A Comparative ...
'Pakistan's Nuclear Use Doctrine and Command and Control', in Lavoy Peter R., Sagan Scott D., Wirtz James J. ... Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 158–181.
[PDF]Pakistan's Nuclear Doctrine and Command and Control System ...
proto Pakistani nuclear use doctrine from its declaratory and operational ... Control of Nuclear Forces, Yale University Press, New Haven, 1983, footnote 1, p . 3.
[PDF]Nuclear Doctrine: Ramifications for South Asia - University of the ...
environment both Pakistan and India has opted nuclear arms. After the nuclear explosions of 1998 the world started to talk about the nuclear doctrine for the ...
[PDF]pakistan's nuclear strategy and deterrence stability - The Stimson
May 9, 2012 ... doctrine, after which I offer speculation about Pakistan's nuclear targeting. .... Making of the Pakistani Bomb, (Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University ...
[PDF]India's Nuclear Doctrine: Context and Constraints
European Conference on Modern South Asian Conference, University of ..... Pakistan Army), “Strategy for Total Defense: A Conceptual Nuclear Doctrine,” ...
The Evolution of Pakistani and Indian Nuclear Doctrine - CISAC
Oct 11, 2007 ... The Evolution of Pakistani and Indian Nuclear Doctrine ... Moving Targets: Nuclear Strategy and National Security (Princeton University Press, ...
Books on the term Nuclear Doctrine of Pakistan
Planning the Unthinkable: How New Powers Will Use Nuclear, ...
Planning the Unthinkable: How New Powers Will Use Nuclear, ...
Peter Peter Rene Lavoy, Scott Douglas Sagan, James J. Wirtz, 2000
[6] Pakistan s Nuclear Use Doctrine and Command and Control ZAFAR IQBAL CHEEMA Since the late 1980s, Pakistan has pursued a doctrine of minimum nuclear deterrence and conventional defense to balance India's nuclear and ...
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons
Pakistan's Nuclear Weapons
Bhumitra Chakma, 2012
See, 'Pakistan Says Indian Nuclear Plan Threatens Global Stability', The News, 26 August 1999. 34 Dawn, 3 June 1998. Also, Afzal Mahmood, 'Need for a nuclear doctrine', Dawn, 19 September 1998. In a similar fashion, Brigadier (Retd ) ...
Inside Nuclear South Asia
Inside Nuclear South Asia
Scott Douglas Sagan, 2009
the evolution of Pakistani and indian nuClear doCtrine scott d. sagan neither the government in new delhi nor its counterpart in Islamabad had a fully developed nuclear doctrine when it ordered nuclear weapons tests in May 1998. Although ...
South Asia's Nuclear Security Dilemma: India, Pakistan, And China
South Asia's Nuclear Security Dilemma: India, Pakistan, And China
Lowell Dittmer, 2005
existed, but continued officially to deny the existence of actual weapons.33 Nevertheless, the most authoritative study of Pakistani nuclear doctrine emphasizes that no serious effort was made to develop either a doctrine or a secure command ...
Pakistan's Nuclear Future: Worries Beyond War
Pakistan's Nuclear Future: Worries Beyond War
Henry D. Sokolski, 2008
Minimum Nuclear Deterrence Doctrine. Pakistan has not formally declared a nuclear employment doctrine, but this does not mean there is no doctrine. On the contrary, Pakistan has operational plans and requirements for nuclear use ...
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Blog posts on the term
Nuclear Doctrine of Pakistan
India’s nuclear amateurism – The Express Tribune
Public releas­e of draft-doctri­ne to win transp­arency points with US, gain tracti­on for NSSP was an appall­ing mistak­e.
tribune.com.pk/story/570092/indias-nuclear-amateurism/
Pakistan's Nuclear Doctrine :: Gatestone Institute
Although US policymakers have long been concerned about the possibility that Pakistan's nuclear weapons might fall into the hands of terrorists such as the Taliban or Al Qa'eda, a related question has not gotten quite as much attention: What is
www.gatestoneinstitute.org/2040/pakistan-nuclear-doctrine
India’s nuclear amateurism | Pakistan News - Pakistan Views - Zameer36 Global Issues & World Politics
Bharat Karnad Secretary of state John Kerry reminded New Delhi that the United States expects India to toe its line on non-proliferation and get a move on in
zameer36.com/indias-nuclear-amateurism/
Pakistan-India: Nuclear Evolutions
Nuclear developments in India and Pakistan are scaling new heights of technical maturity. Recent landmarks include the Indian test of the 5,000km Agni-V ballistic missile; deployment of the indigenous Arihant...
tacstrat.com/content/index.php/2013/06/07/pakistan-india-nuclear-evolutions/
Pakistan's Nuclear Doctrine
doctrine could be defined as a set of principles formulated and applied for a specific purpose, working towards a desired goal or aim. These
www.defence.pk/forums/pakistan-strategic-forces/27733-pakistans-nuclear-doctrine.html
Nuclear Doctrine of Pakistan: Dilemmas of Small Nuclear Force in the Second Atomic Age | Red Storm Rising
December 19, 2010 · 3:18 am.
shamazkhan.wordpress.com/2010/12/19/nuclear-doctrine-of-pakistan-dilemmas-of-small-nuclear-force-in-the-second-atomic-age/
Nuclear explosions and elections | Herald
By Umer Farooq | May 4, 2013.
herald.dawn.com/2013/05/04/nuclear-explosions-and-elections.html
Ready deterrence vs Recessed deterrence by Zia Siddiqui ~ Strategic Vision
Nations develop nuclear capability for power, prestige, and security, etc. Great powers acquire nuclear weapons to enhance their stature in the international system, influence their adversaries to submit to their will, and to further their national interests.
www.thestrategicvision.com/2013/07/ready-deterrence-vs-recessed-deterrence.html
Michael Krepon • Shyam Saran on India’s Nuclear Deterrent
an ACW Network site
krepon.armscontrolwonk.com/archive/3769/shyam-saran-on-indias-nuclear-deterrent
North Korean Standoff Parallel With Pakistan’s Quest For Nuclear Asymmetry - Analysis Eurasia Review
The looming North Korean nuclear crisis should draw global focus on crisis stability in South Asia. The scenario in South Asia is increasingly marked by up
www.eurasiareview.com/11042013-north-korean-standoff-parallel-with-pakistans-quest-for-nuclear-asymmetry-analysis/
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