Grammaticalized
In linguistics, grammaticalization (also known as grammatization, grammaticization) is a process by which words representing objects and actions (i.e. nouns and verbs) transform through sound change and language migration to become grammatical markers (affixes, prepositions, etc.). Grammaticalization is a powerful aspect of language, as it creates new function words within language, by separating functions from their original inflectional and bound constructions (i.e. from content words). It is a field of research in historical linguistics, in the wider study of language change, which focuses on a particular process of lexical and grammatical change.
For an understanding of this process, a distinction needs to be made between lexical items, or content words, which carry specific lexical meaning, and grammatical items, or function words, with little or no lexical meaning, which serve to express grammatical relationships between the different words within an utterance. Grammaticalization has been defined as "the change whereby lexical terms and constructions come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical functions, and, once grammaticalized, continue to develop new grammatical functions". Simply said, grammaticalization is the process in which a lexical word or a word cluster loses some or all of its lexical meaning and starts to fulfil a more grammatical function. Where grammaticalization takes place, nouns and verbs which carry certain lexical meaning develop over time into grammatical items such as auxiliaries, case markers, inflections and sentence connectives.
A well-known example of grammaticalization is that of the process in which the lexical cluster let us, for example in the sentence "let us go", is reduced to a single word let's as in the sentence "let's you and me fight". The phrase has lost its lexical meaning of "allow us" and has changed into an auxiliary, the pronoun 'us' reduced first to a suffix and then to an unanalyzed phoneme.

This is an excerpt from the article Grammaticalized from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Grammaticalized at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 153 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/19/2013)
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Grammaticalization - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In linguistics, grammaticalization (also known as grammatization, grammaticization) is a process by which words representing objects and actions ( i.e. nouns ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammaticalization
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grammaticalized - The Free Dictionary
gram·mat·i·cal·ize (gr -m t -k -l z ). tr.v. gram·mat·i·cal·ized, gram·mat·i·cal·iz·ing, gram·mat·i·cal·iz·es. To change (a content word) into a function word or a ...
www.thefreedictionary.com/grammaticalized
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Why is grammaticalization irreversible? - People
direction. Grammaticalization is a side effect of the maxim of extravagance, ... no conscious access to Grammaticalized expressions and thus cannot use them in ...
people.cohums.ohio-state.edu/schwenter1/haspelmath1999.pdf
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Grammaticalized | Define Grammaticalized at Dictionary.com
verb (used with object), gram·mat·i·cal·ized, gram·mat·i·cal·iz·ing. Linguistics. 1. to convert (a content word or part of one) into a functor, as in using OE līc, “body,” ...
dictionary.reference.com/browse/grammaticalized
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grammaticalized - Wiktionary
Grammaticalized. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Jump to: navigation, search. English[edit]. Verb[edit]. Grammaticalized. simple past tense and ...
en.wiktionary.org/wiki/grammaticalized
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The grammaticalization of tense markers - Semantics Archive
1. Introduction. Grammaticalization is the process whereby lexical categories and ... grammaticalization involves both structural and semantic change, and that.
semanticsarchive.net/Archive/jI3OTBhN/grammaticalization_of_tense.pdf
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Grammaticalization
3 What explains the order in which Grammaticalized items “continue to develop ... 4 If grammaticalization is unidirectional, why haven't all languages converged ...
www.stanford.edu/~kiparsky/Papers/berlin-anaph-new.pdf
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Grammaticalization - Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott ...
This is a general introduction to grammaticalization, the change whereby lexical terms and constructions come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical ...
books.google.com.au/books?id=d5JwYbI5P3cC
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An iconic, analogical approach to grammaticalization - UvA DARE
This model will then be used on a classic example of grammaticalization (or ... analogy lies at the basis of this grammaticalization process, and it will illustrate at ...
dare.uva.nl/document/180899
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Grammaticalization, Subjectification and the Layering of Meanings ...
NRG 4 New reflections on Grammaticalization 4. University of Leuven 16-19 July 2008 Grammaticalization, subjectification and the layering of meanings How to ...
www.academia.edu/407765/Grammaticalization_Subjectification_and_the_Layering_of_Meanings_How_to_Deal_With_the_Semantics_of_the_Present-Day_English_Progressive
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Grammaticalized in science
Grammaticalization - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Grammaticalization is a powerful aspect of language, as it creates new function words within ..... Paper presented at Freiburg University, October 17, 2001.
Grammaticalization - Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott ...
Cambridge University Press, Jul 31, 2003 - Language Arts & Disciplines - 276 pages. This is a general introduction to grammaticalization, the change whereby ...
[PDF]SYMPOSIUM SHARED GRAMMATICALIZATION IN THE ...
SYMPOSIUM. SHARED GRAMMATICALIZATION IN THE TRANSEURASIAN LANGUAGES. University of Leuven, Belgium. September 21-23, 2011. Organizers.
grammaticalization - Southeast Asian Linguistics Archives
Chulalongkorn University Press. cite. DJVU PDF Genetti, C. 1986, "The grammaticalization of the Newari verb tol", in Linguistics of the Tibeto-Burman Area, vol.
[PDF]On the grammaticalization of negative polarity items Jack Hoeksema ...
On the grammaticalization of negative polarity items. *. Jack Hoeksema. University of Groningen. 0 Introduction. The phenomenon of polarity sensitivity is not, ...
[PDF]The grammaticalization of tense markers - Semantics Archive
1. Introduction. Grammaticalization is the process whereby lexical categories and ...... conceptual framework, Chicago : University of Chicago Press. Heine, B.
[PDF]Grammaticalization of the Verb of Taking into Pragmatic Markers in ...
Heine, Bernd; Claudi, Ulrike and Friederike Hunnemeyer. 1991. Grammaticalization. A Conceptual Framework. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Jacsinski ...
Grammaticalization, Subjectification and the Layering of Meanings ...
NRG 4 New reflections on Grammaticalization 4. University of Leuven 16-19 July 2008 Grammaticalization, subjectification and the layering of meanings How to ...
Remarks on Grammaticalization - CSLI Publications
Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Heine, Bernd and Mechtild Reh. 1984. Grammaticalization and reanalysis in African languages. Hamburg: Helmut Buske.
[PDF]On the Origin of Remoteness Markers Östen Dahl ... - Yale University
Östen Dahl, Stockholm University. Grammaticalized marking of remoteness from the point of speech or the temporal point of reference is relatively common in ...
Books on the term Grammaticalized
Grammaticalization
Grammaticalization
Paul J. Hopper, Elizabeth Closs Traugott, 2003
This is a general introduction to grammaticalization, the change whereby lexical terms and constructions come in certain linguistic contexts to serve grammatical functions, and, once Grammaticalized, continue to develop new grammatical ...
English Adjectives of Comparison: Lexical and Grammaticalized Uses
English Adjectives of Comparison: Lexical and Grammaticalized Uses
Tine Breban, 2010
English Adjectives Of Comparison Tine Breban, K.U. Leuven The book is concerned with a largely unrecognized grammaticalization process: deictification, or the development from quality-attributing to deictically used adjectives in the ...
Corpus Approaches to Grammaticalization in English
Corpus Approaches to Grammaticalization in English
Hans Lindquist, Christian Mair, 2004
Are low-frequency complex prepositions Grammaticalized? On the limits of corpus data — and the importance of intuition* Sebastian Hoffmann University of Zurich Using extensive corpus data, this paper investigates whether low- frequency ...
New Reflections on Grammaticalization
New Reflections on Grammaticalization
Ilse Wischer, Gabriele Diewald, 2002
on grammaticalization, i.e. the cline from more lexical to more grammatical, the terms "lexical use" or "less-Grammaticalized use" are preferred here. In (2), muft does not contribute to the propositional content of the sentence, i.e., unlike muflt in ...
What Makes Grammaticalization?: A Look From Its Fringes And Its ...
What Makes Grammaticalization?: A Look From Its Fringes And Its ...
Walter Bisang, Nikolaus P. Himmelmann, Björn Wiemer, 2004
This is due to its restricted occurrence: if it is justified to speak of a more or less fully Grammaticalized indefinite article in most of the central (or else: prototypical) Balkan languages, viz. Rumanian, Aromu- nian, Albanian and Greek,1 the same  ...
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Grammaticalized
English Adjectives of Comparison: Lexical and Grammaticalized Uses (Topics in English Linguistics) | Free Ebook download
English Adjectives of Comparison: Lexical and Grammaticalized Uses (Topics in English Linguistics) English | 395 pages | ISBN-10: 3110205807 | PDF | 3.67
www.thebook-mark.com/english-adjectives-of-comparison-lexical-and-grammaticalized-uses-topics-in-english-linguistics/
English Adjectives of Comparison: Lexical and Grammaticalized Uses (Repost) | Free eBooks Download - EBOOKEE!
Download Free eBook:English Adjectives of Comparison: Lexical and Grammaticalized Uses (Repost) - Free chm, pdf ebooks rapidshare download, ebook torrents bittorrent download.
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English Adjectives of Comparison: Lexical and Grammaticalized Uses (Topics in English Linguistics) Free Download - MafiaWarez
English Adjectives of Comparison: Lexical and Grammaticalized Uses (Topics in English Linguistics) English | 395 pages | ISBN-10: 3110205807 | PDF | 3.67 MB The book is concerned with a larg
www.mafiawarez.com/20923-english-adjectives-of-comparison-lexical-and-grammaticalized-uses-topics-in-english-linguistics.html
The Spread of Grammaticalized Forms
eng.sagepub.com/content/35/2/117.abstract
Foster's Theological Reflections: Is Time Grammaticalized in New Testament Greek?
A burning question in New Testament Greek studies revolves around the grammaticalization of time and Greek tenses. Scholars use the terms Aktionsart (a German word that can denote "kind of action") and "aspect" to discuss this issue.
fosterheologicalreflections.blogspot.com/2012/05/ism-time-grammaticalized-in-new.html
Languages of Ea: Grammaticalized adjectives
Many languages have a small closed class of words or affixes which encode some of the most basic concepts for which we in English use adjectives. For example, Japanese "-i adjectives", unlike their "na adjectives", are a closed class (meaning that new -i adjectives cannot be created any more than English could just up and create a new preposition and have it make sense to anybody).
languagesofea.blogspot.com/2007/08/grammaticalized-adjectives.html
A Cognitive Analysis of Grammaticalization of the Entity-referring Spatial Demonstratives in English and Chinese | Philosophy and Humanities
Posted on May 12, 2012 by Philosophy.
www.p-papers.com/50915.html
Syded » English Adjectives of Comparison: Lexical and Grammaticalized Uses (Repost)
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Chinese function words grammaticalized from content words: Evidence from ERPs | COMD News
In linguistics, Chinese function words are validated to be Grammaticalized from content words. In this paper, we aim to further explore the relationship and difference between them, and verify the linguistic results using ERP methods. Sentences containing either expected or unexpected content words or function words are presented to participants in our experiment. As compared…
callierlibrary.wordpress.com/2010/08/10/chinese-function-words-grammaticalized-from-content-words-evidence-from-erps/
Good night, Posterous
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