Grammatical polarity
In linguistics and grammar, affirmative and negative are terms of opposite meaning which may be applied to statements, verb phrases, clauses, and some other utterances. Essentially an affirmative (positive) form is used to express the validity or truth of a basic assertion, while a negative form expresses its falsity. Examples are the sentences "Jane is here" and "Jane is not here"; the first is affirmative, while the second is negative.
The grammatical category associated with affirmative and negative is called polarity. This means that a sentence, verb phrase, etc. may be said to have either affirmative or negative polarity (its polarity may be either affirmative or negative). Affirmative is generally the unmarked polarity; the negative is marked by a negating word or particle such as the English not, German nicht, Swedish inte, and so on, which reverses the meaning of the predicate. The process of converting affirmative to negative is called negation – the grammatical rules for negation vary from language to language, and a given language may have more than one way of producing negations.
Affirmative and negative responses (especially, though not exclusively, to questions) are often expressed using particles such as yes and no, where yes is the affirmative and no the negative particle.

This is an excerpt from the article Grammatical polarity from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Grammatical polarity at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 553 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/19/2013)
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Affirmative and negative - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The grammatical category associated with affirmative and negative is called polarity. This means that a sentence, verb phrase, etc. may be said to have either ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affirmative_and_negative
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Grammarpedia - Polarity - LanguageTools
Polarity refers to the grammatical systems associated with distinguishing between positive and negative clauses. Basic clauses in English are positive while ...
languagetools.info/grammarpedia/polarity.htm
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Polarity - Grammar and Composition - About.com
In linguistics, the distinction between positive and negative forms.
grammar.about.com/od/pq/g/polarityterm.htm
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Grammatical polarity - Translation
Articles for translators and translation agencies: Linguistics: Grammatical polarity.
www.translationdirectory.com/articles/article1905.php
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The Grammar of Polarity - Cambridge University Press
The phenomenon of polarity sensitivity has been an important source of evidence for theories about the mental architecture of grammar over the last fifty years, ...
www.cambridge.org/9780521792400
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polarity definition | English definition dictionary | Reverso
negative polarity n (Grammar) the grammatical character of a word or phrase, such as ever or any, that may normally only be used in a semantically or ...
dictionary.reverso.net/english-definition/polarity
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Translation of Grammatical polarity in English
Translation of Grammatical polarity in English. Translate Grammatical polarity in English online and download now our free translator to use any time at no ...
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Processing Polarity: How the ungrammatical intrudes on the ...
Jul 18, 2007 ... xxx. Processing Polarity: How the ungrammatical intrudes on the grammatical. Shravan Vasishth. Institute for Linguistics, University of Potsdam, ...
www.psychologie.uni-heidelberg.de/ae/allg/mitarb/sb/www/actr/polarity/VasishthetalNPI1final.pdf
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Negative Polarity and Grammatical Representation - Jstor
NEGATIVE POLARITY AND GRAMMATICAL. REPRESENTATION. 0. INTRODUCTION. An issue of long standing in generative grammar is the question of how.
www.jstor.org/stable/25001278
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Grammatical mood - Wikipedia, the free…
In linguistics, grammatical mood is a grammatical (and specifically, morphological) feature of verbs, used to signal modality. :p.181; That is, it is the use of ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grammatical_mood
Search results for "Grammatical polarity"
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Grammatical polarity in science
The Grammar of Polarity - Cambridge University Press
The phenomenon of polarity sensitivity has been an important source of evidence for theories about the mental architecture of grammar over the last fifty years, ...
Negative And Positive Polarity Binding Approach :: Grammar and ...
Cambridge University Press logo ... She also suggests that possible binders (and SUBJECTS) for polarity items are negation or else a polarity operator in the ...
Polarity - Grammar and Composition - About.com
polarity. The Grammar of Polarity: Pragmatics, Sensitivity, and the Logic of Scales by Michael Israel (Cambridge University Press, 2011). Definition: In linguistics ...
[PDF]Processing Polarity: How the ungrammatical intrudes on the ...
Jul 18, 2007 ... xxx. Processing Polarity: How the ungrammatical intrudes on the grammatical. Shravan Vasishth. Institute for Linguistics, University of Potsdam, ...
Polarity item - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
In linguistics, a polarity item is a lexical item that can appear only in environments associated with a particular Grammatical polarity – affirmative or negative.
[PDF]Get PDF (678K) - Wiley Online Library
Intrudes on the Grammatical. Shravan Vasishtha, Sven Brüssowb, Richard L. Lewisc, Heiner Drenhausa. aInstitute for Linguistics, University of Potsdam.
Processing polarity: how the ungrammatical intrudes on the ...
Processing polarity: how the ungrammatical intrudes on the grammatical. Vasishth S, BrĂĽssow S, Lewis RL, Drenhaus H. Institute for Linguistics, University of ...
Negative polarity and grammatical representation - Springer
Aug 1, 1987 ... Title: Negative polarity and grammatical representation; Journal: Linguistics and Philosophy · Volume 10, Issue 3 , pp 325-387; Cover Date ...
Books on the term Grammatical polarity
The Grammar of Polarity: Pragmatics, Sensitivity, and the Logic of ...
The Grammar of Polarity: Pragmatics, Sensitivity, and the Logic of ...
Michael Israel, 2011
This book surveys a wide variety of polarity items, both negative and positive, commonly found in English and other languages to show that grammatical sensitivities arise regularly and only in semantic domains which are inherently scalar.
Grammatical Polarity
Grammatical Polarity
Frederic P. Miller, Agnes F. Vandome, John McBrewster, 2010
In English, these are no and yes respectively, in French non and oui. In addition to this, some languages have a distinct form for a positive answer to a negative question, such as French si.
Cross-linguistic and Cross-cultural Perspectives on Academic Discourse
Cross-linguistic and Cross-cultural Perspectives on Academic Discourse
Eija Suomela-Salmi, Fred Dervin, 2009
Signalling of Collateral relations by Grammatical polarity and modality 6. Discussion The analysis of Contrastive relations carried out in this study has shown that in spite of a general adversarial nature of the sociological rhetoric, considerable ...
A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics
A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics
R.L. Trask, 2013
Any item which is either a positive polarity item or a negative polarity item. polarity reverser /rl'vs:sa/ n. ... An approach to grammatical characterization which views the structure of a language, not as a single integrated system (as in most ...
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Blog posts on the term
Grammatical polarity
ERIC - Processing Polarity: How the Ungrammatical Intrudes on the Grammatical, Cognitive Science, 2008-Jun
A central question in online human sentence comprehension is, "How are linguistic relations established between different parts of a sentence?" Previous work has shown that this dependency resolution process can be computationally expensive, but the underlying reasons for this are still unclear. This article argues that dependency resolution is mediated by cue-based retrieval, constrained by independently motivated working memory principles defined in a cognitive architecture. To demonstrate this, this article investigates an unusual instance of dependency resolution, the processing of negative and positive polarity items, and confirms a surprising prediction of the cue-based retrieval model: Partial-cue matches--which constitute a kind of similarity-based interference--can give rise to the intrusion of ungrammatical retrieval candidates, leading to both processing slow-downs and even errors of judgment that take the form of illusions of grammaticality in patently ungrammatical structures. A notable achievement is that good quantitative fits are achieved without adjusting the key model parameters. (Contains 5 tables, 4 figures, and 3 notes.)
www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/recordDetail?accno=EJ799251
Generating an Opinion Dictionary | DEKIBA
This Article is work in Progress. What grammatical structures are good predictors of an “opinion sentence”? Look at all full sentences that describe an opinion and compare POS groups with POS groups in the full text of reviews.
dekiba.com/blog/?p=23
grammatical polarity: Magic 89.9 Boys Night Out Adventure
I just had to post this. *feeling social network-y at the moment*A few hours back, I was dragged into an exciting surprise appearance at Magic 89.
beapolar.blogspot.com/2011/01/magic-899-boys-night-out-adventure.html
CM Punk corrects people's grammar, then makes a grammatical error
CM Punk is my favorite wrestler in the WWE right now, if for no other reason than his brazen asshole approach to social media. Grammar is highly impor...
middleeasy.com/entertainment/item/11616-cm-punk-corrects-people-s-grammar-then-makes-a-grammatical-error
Hon. Patrick Obahiagbon Big grammar Parliamentarian Speaks with Sahara Reporters video - nigeriafilms.com
...be obscurantive or to be gymnosophist in my communication.There has been no deliberate attempt at all to obfuscate or envelope my audience in a s
nigeriafilms.com/news/9897/14/hon-patrick-obahiagbon-big-grammar-parliamentarian.html
The Duality principle in English Grammar
What I here call the duality or polarity principle implies the existence of a dual or a polar mode.
www.english-for-students.com/Duality.html
Weird Linguistics: Negative Polarity Items | J.S. Bangs
This being the second post in my series about weird linguistics, I'd like to point out that it's not necessary to travel to strange and exotic climes in order to find bizarre grammatical features like ergativity. English itself is plenty weird. Today I'll demonstrate this by discussing negative polarity. English is a simple language in…
jsbangs.com/2012/03/20/weird-linguistics-negative-polarity-items/
EducationCing!: Grammar and Style
educationcing.blogspot.com/2012/02/3-grammar-and-style.html
Tag questions, innit! | Omniglot blog
Tag questions, innit!
www.omniglot.com/blog/?p=8765
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