Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis
The documentary hypothesis, (DH) (sometimes called the Wellhausen hypothesis), proposes that the Pentateuch (the first five books of the Bible) was derived from originally independent, parallel and complete narratives, which were subsequently combined into the current form by a series of redactors (editors). The number of these is usually set at four, but this is not an essential part of the hypothesis.
The hypothesis was developed in the 18th and 19th centuries from the attempt to reconcile inconsistencies in the biblical text. By the end of the 19th century it was generally agreed that there were four main sources, combined into their final form by a series of redactors, R. These four sources came to be known as the Yahwist, or Jahwist, J (J being the German equivalent of the English letter Y); the Elohist, E; the Deuteronomist, D, (the name comes from the Book of Deuteronomy, D's contribution to the Torah); and the Priestly Writer, P.
The contribution of Julius Wellhausen, a Christian theologian and Christian biblical scholar, was to order these sources chronologically as JEDP, giving them a coherent setting in a notional evolving religious history of Israel, which he saw as one of ever-increasing priestly power. Wellhausen's formulation was:
- the Yahwist source ( J ) : hypothetically written c. 950 BCE in the southern Kingdom of Judah.
- the Elohist source ( E ) : hypothetically written c. 850 BCE in the northern Kingdom of Israel.
- the Deuteronomist ( D ) : hypothetically written c. 600 BCE in Jerusalem during a period of religious reform.
- the Priestly source ( P ) : hypothetically written c. 500 BCE by Kohanim (Jewish priests) in exile in Babylon.
While the hypothesis has been increasingly challenged by other models in the last part of the 20th century, its terminology and insights continue to provide the framework for modern theories on the origins of the Torah.

This is an excerpt from the article Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 14 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/19/2013)
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The 'Documentary Hypothesis' - Does…
Does Anyone Still Believe the 'Documentary Hypothesis'? A Picture of Julius Wellhausen.
www.ukapologetics.net/docu.htm
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Documentary hypothesis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
[edit]. 11th century manuscript of the Hebrew Bible with Targum. In 1876/77 ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Documentary_hypothesis
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Critical Assessment of the Graf-Wellhausen Documentary Hypothesis
Indeed, it is important that the problems of the Graf-Wellhausen documentary hypothesis are presented to the student of the Old Testament, in the hope that, ...
www.aomin.org/JEDP.html
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The Documentary Hypothesis - Associates for Biblical Research
Sep 24, 2010 ... But the triumphant theory of Pentateuchal origins was the Documentary Hypothesis, often called the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis after the two ...
www.biblearchaeology.org/post/2010/09/24/The-Documentary-Hypothesis.aspx
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Graf-Wellhausen Hypothesis or JEDP Theory - Helpmewithbiblestudy
Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis or JEDP Theory. The JEDP Theory found its roots in Jean Astruc (1684-1766), who speculated that Moses used existing written or ...
helpmewithbiblestudy.org/5system_moses/notes/dh6.aspx
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JEDP Theory: An Explanation and Refutation - Xenos Christian ...
The JEDP theory, also known as the Documentary Hypothesis or the Graf-Wellhausen theory, essentially states that the Pentateuch (the first 5 books of the Old ...
www.xenos.org/ministries/crossroads/papers/vol1no2/v1n2p13.html
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Documentary Hypothesis
The view that is persuasive to most of the critical scholars of the Pentateuch is called the Documentary Hypothesis, or the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis, after the ...
www.cs.umd.edu/~mvz/bible/doc-hyp.pdf
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The Documentary Hypothesis of the Pentateuch also known
An explanation of the Documentary Hypothesis, CARM. ... Later, Karl H. Graf in the 1860's and Julius Wellhausen in the 1870's said that "according to the ...
carm.org/documentary-hypothesis
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Alencon's Place: The Graf-Wellhausen Theory
Feb 9, 2006 ... The Graf-Wellhausen Theory says that isn't even remotely possible and ... the Documentary Hypothesis, there are four basic texts that form the ...
alencon13.blogspot.com/2006/02/graf-wellhausen-theory.html
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Graf Wellhausen Hypothesis - Everything2.com
AKA Documentary Hypothesis A theory stating that the Torah, the five books of Moses, was compile|compiled over time, primarily from the works of four pe...
everything2.com/title/Graf+Wellhausen+Hypothesis
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Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis in science
Documentary hypothesis - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
2 Before Wellhausen; 3 The Wellhausen (or Graf–Wellhausen) hypothesis ..... Mark Zvi Brettler, Introduction to Torah, The Jewish Study Bible, Oxford University ...
Critical Assessment of the Graf-Wellhausen Documentary Hypothesis
He studied under Ewald at the University of Gttingen, and later served as ... Indeed, it is important that the problems of the Graf-Wellhausen documentary ...
The 'Documentary Hypothesis' - Does Anyone Still Believe It?
I want to introduce our readers to a number of links/writings which expose the sadly flawed Graf/Wellhausen Documentary Source Hypothesis. Just what is this ...
Did Moses Write the Pentateuch?
Religious studies courses at most universities teach that the Pentateuch is a ... Those who accept the documentary or Graf-Wellhausen theory argue that the ...
[PDF]Documentary Hypothesis
The view that is persuasive to most of the critical scholars of the Pentateuch is called the Documentary Hypothesis, or the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis, after the ...
Temple and Torah: Suggesting an Alternative to the Graf ... - AbeBooks
... to the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis: Grey printed wraps with a couple of short ... Author was Professor of Semitic Languages and Literatures in the University of ...
Graf-Wellhausen Hypothesis or JEDP Theory - Helpmewithbiblestudy
Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis or JEDP Theory ... Hypothesis for the last 40 years, the arguments for JEDP theory continue to be repeated in colleges, universities, ...
[PDF]The Documentary Hypothesis Paper - Frederick Creation Society
of Herman Hupfeld, to the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis holds the view that the ... University) wrote, “However imposing the consensus, the documentary ...
Temple and Torah: suggesting an alternative to the Graf-Wellhausen ...
May 5, 2011 ... The University of Manchester. [University home] ... Temple and Torah: suggesting an alternative to the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis. Robertson ...
The Documentary Hypothesis - Associates for Biblical Research
Sep 24, 2010 ... But the triumphant theory of Pentateuchal origins was the Documentary Hypothesis, often called the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis after the two ...
Books on the term Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis
Shiloh: A Biblical City in Tradition and History
Shiloh: A Biblical City in Tradition and History
Donald G. Schley, 1989
The generation of scholars which had been so heavily influenced by the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis thus offered a variety of views regarding biblical Shiloh, all of wiich, however, stayed within the broad outlines of Wellhausen's reconstruction ...
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia
Geoffrey W. Bromiley
The work of Graf and Wellhausen resulted in a revolution in OT theology and history. It is interesting to note, however, that the results of Assyriology and Egyptology were already challenging the new hypothesis in its infancy. The ancient ...
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch: A Compendium of ...
Dictionary of the Old Testament: Pentateuch: A Compendium of ...
T. Desmond Alexander, David W. Baker, 2003
Because of the effective way in which Graf argued for the lateness of the priestly legal materials of the Pentateuch, the Documentary Hypothesis that won the day is often known as the Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis. Subsequently, Abraham ...
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Blog posts on the term
Graf-Wellhausen hypothesis
in-His-own-image.com: 2 Genesis, Chapter 33 - brotherly love
in-his-own-image.com/2012/07/15/20130107.aspx
The Documentary Hypothesis
The time has long passed for scholars of every theological persuasion to recognize that the Graf-Wellhausen theory, as a starting point for continued research, is dead. The Documentary Hypothesis and the arguments that support it have been effectively demolished by scholars from many different theological perspectives and areas of expertise. Even so, the ghost of Wellhausen hovers over Old Testament studies and symposiums like a thick fog, adding nothing of substance but effectively obscuring vision. Although actually incompatible with form-critical and archaeology-based studies, the Documentary Hypothesis has managed to remain the mainstay of critical orthodoxy. One wonders if we will ever return to the day when discussions of Genesis will not be stilted by interminable references to P and J. There are indications that such a day is coming. Many scholars are exploring the inadequacies of the Documentary Hypothesis and looking toward new models for explaining the Pentateuch.
www.biblearchaeology.org/post/2010/09/24/The-Documentary-Hypothesis.aspx
Are the Critics Right? Historical and Critical Considerations Against the Graf-Wellhausen Hypothesis, W. Moller (1903)
xSll?llP0/f#:>V$ JC^ ^Digitized by the Internet Archivein2007with funding fromIVIicrosoftCorporationhttp://www.archive.
www.slashdocs.com/mpyiyp/are-the-critics-right-historical-and-critical-considerations-against-the-graf-wellhausen-hypothesis-w-moller-1903.html
The Unexplored Bible: The Graf-Wellhausen Hypothesis
Édouard Reuss was the first to put source theories in the order that most scholars would accept for the next hundred and fifty years. His student, Keil Heinrich Graf, in his Die sogenannte Grundschrift des Pentateuchs, published posthumously, followed Reuss in arguing that P was the latest, rather than the earliest of the sources.
theunknownbible.blogspot.com/2011/09/graf-wellhausen-hypothesis.html
Documentary hypothesis - New World Encyclopedia
www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Documentary_hypothesis
The Maccabee: The Maccabee - Against the Documentary Hypothesis
‘Is not my word like fire,” declares the LORD, ‘and like a hammer that breaks a rock in pieces?’- Jeremiah 23:29Understanding the Documentary Hypothesis Historically speaking, the theory that Moses 'did not write the Pentateuch actually has been around for more than a millennium. ' Even so, the vast majority of believers, both Jew and Christian, 'still maintained that Moses was its author' well into the 17th century.
themaccabeebest.blogspot.com/2011/10/maccabee-against-documentary-hypothesis.html
Reformed Anglicanism: Thoughts on the Documentary Hypothesis
The Eclipse of the “Documentary Hypothesis,” Sometimes Called the “Graf-Wellhausen’s Theory”by Donald Philip Veitch (no copyright claimed whatsoever)When discussing the Documentary Hypothesis, sometimes called the “Graf-Wellhausen Theory,” one refers to a composition-theory of the first five books of the Bible. This composition-theory deals with the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
reformationanglicanism.blogspot.com/2010/12/thoughts-on-documentary-hypothesis.html
Alencon's Place: The Graf-Wellhausen Theory
I am constantly amazed by the depth of my own ignorance. This latest trip around O’Hoolihan’s barn began with an off-hand reference to the Graf-Wellhausen Theory.
alencon13.blogspot.com/2006/02/graf-wellhausen-theory.html
Knowledge balancing zeal (or) Understanding the Documentary Hypothesis - Mangy Dog
Marc Chagall, Moses Receiving the Tablets at Sinai There has been an interesting ongoing discussion on Facebook. One of my friends was asking what alternatives there are to the Documentary Hypothesis.
www.mangydog.net/knowledge-balancing-zeal-or-understanding-the-documentary-hypothesis/
On the Main Line: What about the Documentary Hypothesis?
The Graf-Wellhausen documentary hypothesis is a nasty 21-letter word (yes, I am kidding) for Orthodox Jews. In fact, once upon a time it was just as nasty for many non-Orthodox Jews.
onthemainline.blogspot.com/2005/12/what-about-documentary-hypothesis_01.html
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