Grades of dysphagia
Dysphagia is the medical term for the symptom of difficulty in swallowing. Although classified under "symptoms and signs" in ICD-10, the term is sometimes used as a condition in its own right. Sufferers are sometimes unaware of their dysphagia.
It is derived from the Greek dys meaning bad or disordered, and phago meaning "eat". It may be a sensation that suggests difficulty in the passage of solids or liquids from the mouth to the stomach, a lack of pharyngeal sensation, or various other inadequacies of the swallowing mechanism. Dysphagia is distinguished from other symptoms including odynophagia, which is defined as painful swallowing, and globus, which is the sensation of a lump in the throat. A psychogenic dysphagia is known as phagophobia.
Individuals who suffer from dysphagia are often ordered onto thickened fluids. The thicker consistency makes it less likely that an individual with dysphagia will aspirate while they are drinking. Individuals with difficulty swallowing may find liquids cause coughing, spluttering or even choking and thickening drinks enables them to swallow safely. A range of commercial thickening agents are available to purchase for the dietary management of dysphagia.
It is also worthwhile to refer to the physiology of swallowing in understanding dysphagia.

This is an excerpt from the article Grades of dysphagia from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Grades of dysphagia at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 25 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/18/2013)
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Dysphagia score - Mactheknife.org
The following dysphagia scoring system, first utilised by Mellow and Pinkas ( Knyrim et al.1993), is useful for describing the results of stent insertion. 0 = able to ...
www.mactheknife.org/Scoring_systems/Dysphagia.html
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Dysphagia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dysphagia is the medical term for the symptom of difficulty in swallowing. Although classified under "symptoms and signs" in ICD-10, the term is sometimes used ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dysphagia
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Doctor Anonymous and her bloody work desk!: Grades of dysphagia
Apr 25, 2012 ... I learnt something new that wasnt in my text book. thought to make a note of it here. These are grades or degrees of Dysphagia! 0 - Normal ...
mybloodyworkdesk.blogspot.com/2012/04/grades-of-dysphagia.html
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Radiation Oncology/Toxicity/Esophagus - Wikibooks, open books for ...
Adverse Event, Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5. Dysphagia, Symptomatic, able to eat regular diet, Symptomatic, altered eating/swallowing; IV fluids ...
en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Radiation_Oncology/Toxicity/Esophagus
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Approaching the dysphagia patient –a practical guide - Fresenius Kabi
Sep 7, 2010 ... dysphagia (NOD). Neuro Rehabil. 2009; 15 (5):290-300. Summary NOD step- wise concept (NSC) –NOD grading system. 0= no NOD, 1= mild ...
www.fresenius-kabi.com/files/2_Approaching_the_dysphagia_patient-A_practical_guide_-_Guntram_W._Ickenstein.pdf
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Pathophysiological mechanisms of oropharyngeal dysphagia in ...
The degree of dysphagia was graded as follows. Grade 1: no clinical signs and symptoms of dysphagia. Grade 2: very mild dysphagia was suspected by clinical ...
brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/123/1/125.long
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Dysphagia severity and aspiration following postoperative radiation ...
Dysphagia severity was graded as 1-7. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 12 months, there were three grade 2, four grade 3, two grade 4, five grade 5, two ...
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18383881
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Radionuclide esophageal transit time for the assessment of ...
Dysphagia was graded as follows: Grade 0 No dysphagia. Grade 1 : Dysphagia to solid food only. Grade 2 : Dysphagia to liquids only. Grade 3 Dysphagia to ...
www.saudijgastro.com/article.asp?issn=1319-3767;year=1999;volume=5;issue=2;spage=71;epage=75;aulast=El-Desouki
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Analysis of the factors influencing dysphagia severity upon ...
Grade 3–7 dysphagia occurred in 20% and 31% of patients with T1–T2 and T3– T4 tumours ... severity grade of dysphagia is related to the site and stage of the ...
bjr.birjournals.org/content/81/969/706.full.pdf
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Dysphagia - RightDiagnosis.com - Right…
List of 194 causes of Dysphagia (Dysphagia), patient stories, diagnosis questions, and associated symptoms.
www.rightdiagnosis.com/symptom/dysphagia.htm
Search results for "Grades of dysphagia"
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Grades of dysphagia in science
[PDF]Approaching the dysphagia patient –a practical guide - Fresenius Kabi
Sep 7, 2010 ... HELIOS General Hospital Aue, Technical University Dresden. Fresenius ... Summary NOD step-wise concept (NSC) –NOD grading system.
[PDF]Analysis of the factors influencing dysphagia severity upon ...
University, Greenville, NC, Departments of 3Audiology and Speech ... Grade 3–7 dysphagia occurred in 20% and 31% of patients with T1–T2 and T3–T4.
Development, external validation and clinical usefulness of a ...
External validation yielded an AUC of 0.94 on the Ghent data and 0.77 on the Washington University St. Louis data for dysphagia ≥ grade 3. Comparing model ...
Pathophysiological mechanisms of oropharyngeal dysphagia in ...
Grade 3: the patient complained of dysphagia, and this was supported by .... This study was approved by the ethics committee of our university hospital, and ...
[PDF]Cancer Prediction Models by - PredictCancer
an AUC of 0.86 on the Ghent data and 0.75 on the Washington University St. Louis data for dysphagia ≥grade 2. Comparing model predictions to the physicians' ...
Radiation Oncology | Full text | Dysphagia in head and neck cancer ...
Jan 5, 2011 ... 1 Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Zurich, Zurich, ... The 5 year local disease control and dysphagia grade 3/4 rates were ...
Radionuclide esophageal transit time for the assessment of ...
Dysphagia was graded as follows: Grade 0 No dysphagia. .... Nuclear Medicine Division, King Khalid University Hospital, P.O. Box 7805 (46), Riyadh 11472
Dysphagia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Dysphagia is the medical term for the symptom of difficulty in swallowing. .... " Swallowing Disorders - Symptoms of Dysphagia at [[New York University School of ...
[PDF]Severity and Duration of Chronic Dysphagia Following Treatment for ...
Radiation Oncology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical. Center at Dallas .... When we compared the dysphagia grade between the first and last MBS ...
[PDF]Management of dysphagia in advanced oropharyngeal cancer
initiate appropriate interventions for individuals with dysphagia. Using the Human Response to ... University of Manitoba;. Susan E McClement is Associate ...
Books on the term Grades of dysphagia
Interventional Radiology in Cancer: With 10 Tables
Interventional Radiology in Cancer: With 10 Tables
Andreas Adam, Robert F. Dondelinger, Peter R. Müller, 2004
2.4.3.2 Dysphagia Relief Dysphagia can be graded using the dysphagia score which has five grades: grade 0, normal diet; grade 1, some solid food; grade 2, semi-solids only; grade 3, liquids only; grade 4, complete dysphagia (Mellow and  ...
Grading and Staging in Gastroenterology
Grading and Staging in Gastroenterology
G. Tytgat, Stefaan Tytgat, 2008
Dysphagia: Grading. of. Dysphagia. Aims To score dysphagia of patients with malignant esophagogastric obstruction treated with the use of self-expanding metal stents. Grading of dysphagia Grade Symptoms 0 Able to ...
Issues in Cancer Treatment: 2011 Edition
Issues in Cancer Treatment: 2011 Edition
2012
“Reporting long-term toxicities in trials of chemoirradiation (CRT) of head-and- neck cancer (HNC) has mostly been limited to observerrated maximal Grades >or =3. We evaluated this reporting approach for dysphagia by assessing ...
Cancer Symptom Management
Cancer Symptom Management
Connie Henke Yarbro, Debra Wujcik, Barbara Holmes Gobel, 2013
DEGREES OF TOXICITY Dysphagia can be a significant and distressful symptom that has a marked impact on the patient's quality oflife. Grading of dysphagia is important in assessing the severity of the symptom and in evaluating the ...
R A P Neonatology Spl. Vol. 4
R A P Neonatology Spl. Vol. 4
Gupte
GRADING OF DYSPHAGIA Severity of dysphagia is classified as followszl 1. Mild Dysphagia—can swallow liquids 2. Moderate dysphagia——only few drops easily 3. Severe dysphagia—only few drops but with difficulty 4. Asphyxiated on ...
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Blog posts on the term
Grades of dysphagia
Doctor Anonymous and her bloody work desk!: Grades of dysphagia
I learnt something new that wasnt in my text book. thought to make a note of it here.
mybloodyworkdesk.blogspot.com/2012/04/grades-of-dysphagia.html
The Frequencies of Gastroesophageal and Extragastroesophageal Symptoms in Patients with Mild Erosive Esophagitis, Severe Erosive Esophagitis, and Barrett’s Esophagus in Taiwan
Gastroenterology Research and Practice is a peer-reviewed, open access journal that publishes original research articles, review articles, and clinical studies in all areas of gastroenterology.
www.hindawi.com/journals/grp/2013/480325/
Radiation Oncology | Full text | Dysphagia in head and neck cancer patients following intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT)
To evaluate the objective and subjective long term swallowing function, and to relate dysphagia to the radiation dose delivered to the critical anatomical structures in head and neck cancer patients treated with intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT, +/- chemotherapy), using a midline protection contour (below hyoid, ~level of vertebra 2/3).
www.ro-journal.com/content/6/1/1
WJSO | Full text | Endoscopic palliation of malignant dysphagia: a challenging task in inoperable oesophageal cancer
The main goal when managing patients with inoperable oesophageal cancer is to restore and maintain their oral nutrition. The aim of the present study was to assess the value of endoscopic palliation of dysphagia in patients with oesophageal cancer, who either due to advanced stage of the disease or co-morbidity are not suitable for surgery.
www.wjso.com/content/4/1/38
Study of upper gastrointestinal tract involvement in pemphigus by esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy Rao P N, Samarth A, Aurangabadkar SJ, Pratap B, Lakshmi T - Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol
Open Access Peer-Reviewed Publication of IADVL
www.ijdvl.com/article.asp?issn=0378-6323;year=2006;volume=72;issue=6;spage=421;epage=424;aulast=Rao
Efficacy of Concurrent Chemoradiotherapy as a Palliative Treatment in Stage IVB Esophageal Cancer Patients with Dysphagia
jjco.oxfordjournals.org/content/41/8/964.short
Research Tuesday: “The Effect of Twitter on College Student Engagement and Grades” | speechie apps
If you haven't heard, Rachel Wynn over at Talks Just Fine has started a SLP Blogger challenge of sorts! Every second Tuesday, a group of bloggers will share and critique a piece of research. The thought is that we all could stand to read more research and be exposed to research that others find. If…
speechieapps.com/2013/06/11/research-tuesday-the-effect-of-twitter-on-college-student-engagement-and-grades/
Swallowing Difficulties (dysphagia) | Natural Path Wellness
naturalpathwellness.net/swallowing-difficulties-dysphagia/
New Guidelines Released for Diagnosis, Management of Achalasia
BETHESDA, Md.—New treatment guidelines on the diagnosis and management of achalasia, a primary motor disorder of the esophagus, appear in the August issue of The American Journal of Gastroenterology.
www.endonurse.com/news/2013/07/new-guidelines-released-for-diagnosis-management.aspx
Minimally Invasive Surgery Week: Scientific Abstracts
15TH SLS ANNUAL MEETING AND ENDO EXPO 2006 SCIENTIFIC ABSTRACTS Supplement to JSLS, JOURNAL OF THE SOCIETY OF LAPAROENDOSCOPIC SURGEONS VOLUME 10, NUMBER 3 6101 General Surgery Laparoscopic Fundoplication: the Beneficial Effects of Preservation of Short Gastric Vessels M. Z....
laparoscopy.blogs.com/ee06/2006/06/scientific_abst.html
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