Grace Alekhine
Grace Norton Eisler Peeke Freeman Alekhine (née Grace Norton Wishaar) (26 October 1876 – 21 February 1956) was an American-British-French female artist, chess master and the fourth and last wife of World Chess Champion Alexander Alekhine.
She was born in Beverly, New Jersey. Her parents were Emile Bernard Wishaar (born Weishaar in Paris, 1842 [1], died in Richmond, Washington on 8 September 1918 [2][3]) and Marie Ida Smith [4].
The family moved to San Jose, California and then to Seattle, Washington.
She received training at the New York School of Art under William Chase, and began her career in painting there.
She married Whitney Irving Eisler in Seattle, Washington on 13 September 1897.; the next year her son was born there. He was known as Carroll Earl Beauchamp Peeke (1898–1991)[5] throughout his life. She married Oscar Graham Peeke in Seattle, Washington on 5 Mar 1902. (According to a later marriage license she also married and divorce Henry James Bromley.)
Sometime early in the 20th century, she moved to Oakland, California: there, again as Grace Wishaar, she established a career as a visual artist. Interestingly, her work became known on both a large and small scale: first as a miniature portraitist (with no less a client than author Jack London, for whom she painted his young daughters) and then as a theatrical scenery painter (in San Francisco's Majestic Theatre, and Oakland's Ye Liberty Playhouse),.
Of her stage work, it was reported:
By the spring of 1914, she was exhibiting her portraiture work at the Spring Salon des Beaux Arts in Paris: this also seems to be the year that marked her departure from the United States.
Examples of her miniature work are found here (exhibited in 1910 and 1914, respectively): Giralamo Savonarola and Countess Walewska
She later married Archibald Freeman, a British tea-planter in Ceylon (he died in the early 1930s), and she retained British citizenship to the end of her life. Grace, the widow of Freeman, had won a minor chess tournament in Tokyo, and played Alexander Alekhine in a simultaneous exhibition at Tokyo 1933. Her prize was one of Alekhine's books. She asked him to sign the book and their relationship developed from that moment. They were married on 26 March 1934 at Villefranche-sur-Mer, near Nice, France. She was 16 years older than her husband and wealthy, with a magnificent chateau called La Chatellenie Saint-Aubin-le-Cauf, a few miles southwest of Dieppe in Normandy, and an art studio in Paris.
In 1935, she finished outside the top four in the French Championship (Paulette Schwartzmann won) in Paris. In April 1936, she with her husband came to Sofia (Alekhine’s Simultaneous Exhibition). Both competed at Hastings in 1936/7 when he won the Premier and she won 3rd prize in the 3rd Class Morning A. They both came to Plymouth in 1938 for the Golden Jubilee Congress, where they attended a civic reception in their honour.
During World War II, the Nazis took over their chateau and looted it. She moved to Paris. Alekhine was free to travel, but no exit visa was given to Grace. He was effectively exiled to Portugal while Grace elected to remain in France to monitor the welfare of her various properties at the mercy of the invaders. She even found time to compete in the Paris Championship of 1944 when she became the Ladies Champion. After World War II, she sold her chateau under American Embassy protection. She spent her final years in her studio in Paris, but visited St. Ives, Cornwall, where she was a member of the local chess club.
In the early 1950s, she was visited in Paris by her granddaughter Roberta Peeke: the young woman was invited to address her as "Lady Grace." She died in Paris, 1956 and was buried next to Alexander in the Cimetière du Montparnasse, Paris, to where Alekhine's body had been transferred from Portugal after a long campaign she had led. Her grave spells her maiden name as Wishar.
After she died, the notes in Alekhine's handwriting were allegedly found in 1956 in her effects to prove he wrote six-part Pariser Zeitung article, entitled Aryan and Jewish Chess, published in March 1941 (an antisemitic slander of Jewish chess strategies). This was particularly ironic, as Grace herself was likely of Jewish ancestry (surviving the Nazi occupation of France). Her son, however, was raised an Episcopalian, and it is unlikely she practiced Judaism.

This is an excerpt from the article Grace Alekhine from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Grace Alekhine at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 270 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/18/2013)
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Grace Alekhine by Frederic P. Miller | 9786132919779 | Paperback ...
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Tombe de la famille Alexandre ALEKHINE, Cimetière Montparnasse
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Grace is a feminine given name (Grâce in French), from the Latin gratia. ... (1890 –1985), American printmaker and wood engraver; Grace Alekhine (1876–1956), ... Grace Alele-Williams (born 1932), Nigerian mathematician and university vice- ...
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Grace Norton Eisler Peeke Freeman Alekhine (née Grace Norton Wishaar) (26 October 1876 – 21 February 1956) was an American-British-French female artist, ...
Books on the term Grace Alekhine
Grace Alekhine
Grace Alekhine
Frederic P. Miller, Agnes F. Vandome, McBrewster John, 2010
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
French Chess Players: Marcel Duchamp, Alexander Alekhine, Boris ...
French Chess Players: Marcel Duchamp, Alexander Alekhine, Boris ...
Source Wikipedia, Books LLC, 2010
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Chess in France: Chess in Paris, French Chess Players, French ...
Chess in France: Chess in Paris, French Chess Players, French ...
Source: Wikipedia, Books Llc, 2011
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British Chess Players: Bonar Law
British Chess Players: Bonar Law
Source Wikipedia, Books Llc, 2010
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Alekhine's Anguish: A Novel of the Chess World
Alekhine's Anguish: A Novel of the Chess World
Charles D. Yaffe, 1999
"In that case," said Dorothy Jackson, who had come again with Grace, "at least, this calls for some kind of celebration, doesn't it, Grace?" "Yes. lf nothing else, you will let us take you to lunch, won't you?" He smiled. "Gladly. It will be a privilege.
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Grace Alekhine
Alexander Alekhine Trivia | ChessManiac
Alexander Alexanderovich Alekhine (some sources say it is pronounced Al-YEH-khin, others say al-YEKH-een) was born on October 31, 1892 (New Style) in Moscow,
www.chessmaniac.com/index.php/2013/03/23/alexander-alekhine-trivia/
Alexander Alekhine - Chess Forums | Free Online Chess Game & Forum
The following are the current sites and books on Alekhine. Alexander Alekhine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Chess World Champions - Alexander
www.chessforums.org/chess-books-recommended-reading/2837-alexander-alekhine.html
Happy Birthday Alekhine - Chess.com
www.chess.com/article/view/happy-birthday-alekhine
lightchess: Alexander Alekhine - World chess champion
lightchesscom.blogspot.com/2012/10/alexander-alekhine-world-chess-champion.html
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Derek's Chess Thoughts: Alexander Alekhine: No, he didn't choke.
Photo from ChessBase. com, not mine.
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CHESS COACH , ajedrez a la orden: El GM Alexandr Kotov en su centenario. (1913-1981)
Gran jugador a nivel mundial, considerado, tras su triunfo en el Interzonal de 1952 como uno de los contendientes al campeonato mundial, destacó como autor y sus libros han sido traducidos a cuatro idiomas, siendo durante un tiempo los de mayor popularidad. Su libro “Blanco y Negro”, sobre la vida del campeón mundial Alejandro Alekhine se traslado primero al teatro y luego al cine con el título de “Nieves blancas de Rusia” donde contribuyó a promocionar el ajedrez en varios países.
chesscom-chesscoach.blogspot.com/2013/08/el-gm-alexandr-kotov-en-su-centenario.html
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