Glycated hemoglobin
Glycated hemoglobin or glycosylated hemoglobin (hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c, A1C, or Hb1c; sometimes also HbA1c) is a form of hemoglobin that is measured primarily to identify the average plasma glucose concentration over prolonged periods of time. It is formed in a non-enzymatic glycation pathway by hemoglobin's exposure to plasma glucose. Normal levels of glucose produce a normal amount of glycated hemoglobin. As the average amount of plasma glucose increases, the fraction of glycated hemoglobin increases in a predictable way. This serves as a marker for average blood glucose levels over the previous months prior to the measurement.
In diabetes mellitus, higher amounts of glycated hemoglobin, indicating poorer control of blood glucose levels, have been associated with cardiovascular disease, nephropathy, and retinopathy. Monitoring HbA1c in type 1 diabetic patients may improve outcomes.

This is an excerpt from the article Glycated hemoglobin from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Glycated hemoglobin at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 47,994 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/20/2013)
Images on Glycated hemoglobin
Preview image:
Original:
Search results from Google and Bing
1
1
1
Glycated hemoglobin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Glycated hemoglobin or glycosylated hemoglobin (hemoglobin A1c, HbA1c, A1C , or Hb1c; sometimes also HbA1c) is a form of hemoglobin that is measured ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Glycated_hemoglobin
4
7
2
Glycated Hemoglobin, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular Risk in ...
Mar 4, 2010 ... Original Article from The New England Journal of Medicine — Glycated hemoglobin, Diabetes, and Cardiovascular Risk in Nondiabetic Adults.
www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa0908359
2
12
3
HbA1c: MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia
Alternative Names. Glycated hemoglobin; Glycosylated hemoglobin; Hemoglobin - glycosylated; A1C; GHb; Glycohemoglobin ...
www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/003640.htm
3
13
4
A1C test - MayoClinic.com
Specifically, the A1C test measures what percentage of your hemoglobin — a protein in red blood cells that carries oxygen — is coated with sugar (glycated).
www.mayoclinic.com/health/a1c-test/MY00142
7
24
5
glycosylated hemoglobin - Medical Dictionary - The Free Dictionary
gly·co·sy·lat·ed hemoglobin (gl -k s -l t d). n. Any of four hemoglobin fractions that together account for less than 4 percent of the total hemoglobin in the blood.
medical-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/glycosylated+hemoglobin
5
>30
6
A1c Hemoglobin Levels Test for Diabetes: What's Normal?
May 15, 2012 ... Find out why the hemoglobin A1c test (HbA1c) is so important for people with diabetes.
diabetes.webmd.com/guide/glycated-hemoglobin-test-hba1c
6
>30
7
Use of Glycated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) - World Health Organization
WHO/NMH/CHP/CPM/11.1. Use of Glycated Haemoglobin. (HbA1c) in the Diagnosis of Diabetes. Mellitus. Abbreviated Report of a WHO Consultation ...
www.who.int/diabetes/publications/report-hba1c_2011.pdf
8
>30
8
Definition: Glycosylated Hemoglobin Test (Hemoglobin A1c)
The glycosylated hemoglobin test shows what a person's average blood glucose level was for the 2 to 3 months before the test. This can help determine how ...
kidshealth.org/parent/diabetes_center/words_know/hba1c.html
9
>30
9
Hemoglobin A1c Fact Sheet - University of Michigan Health System
Glucose binds slowly to Hb and produces glycosylated Hb. There are several types of glycosylated hemoglobin measures (including total glycosylated Hb and ...
www.med.umich.edu/mdrtc/cores/chemcore/hemoa1c.htm
10
>30
10
(NCD) for Glycated Hemoglobin/Glycated Protein (190.21)
Item/Service Description. The management of diabetes mellitus requires regular determinations of blood glucose levels. Glycated hemoglobin/protein levels are ...
www.cms.gov/medicare-coverage-database/details/ncd-details.aspx?NCDId=100&ncdver=1&CALId=189&CalName=Glycated+Hemoglobin%2FGlycated+Protein+(Addition+of+ICD-9-CM+271.3%2C+Intestinal+disaccharidase+deficiencies+and+disaccharide+malabsorption)&IsPopu
Search results for "Glycated hemoglobin"
Google: approx. 369.000
Glycated hemoglobin in science
Glycosylated Hemoglobin A1 Predicts Risk for Symptomatic ...
May 28, 2013 ... Glycosylated Hemoglobin A1 Predicts Risk for Symptomatic ... From the Department of Neurology, University of Heidelberg, Germany (A.R., J.D. ...
Glycated haemoglobin and the risk of cardiovascular disease ...
Nov 1, 2012 ... Glycated haemoglobin and the risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes and all- cause mortality in the Copenhagen City Heart Study.
Hemoglobin A1c Fact Sheet - University of Michigan Health System
Glucose binds slowly to Hb and produces glycosylated Hb. There are several ... What are the different HbA1c assays used at the University of Michigan (U-M)?
[PDF]Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) - Chicago Core on Biomarkers in ...
Oct 8, 2008 ... Dried Blood Spot Measurement of Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) in. Wave I ... Ada Gomero, University of Chicago, Department of Ob/Gyn.
Redefining the Diagnosis of Diabetes Using Glycated Hemoglobin
Redefining the Diagnosis of Diabetes Using Glycated hemoglobin. Vivian Fonseca, MD1,; Silvio E. Inzucchi, MD2 and; Ele Ferrannini, MD3. 1Tulane University ...
Glycosylated Hemoglobin Test - NYU Langone Medical Center
A glycosylated hemoglobin test (HbA1c) is a blood test that measures the amount of glycosylated hemoglobin in the blood. Hemoglobin is a protein found in the ...
jis106v1 - The Journal of Infectious Diseases - Oxford Journals
Mar 13, 2012... Helicobacter pylori Colonization and Glycated hemoglobin Levels ... 4 Department of Microbiology, New York University School of Medicine.
Glycosylated Hemoglobin and Albumin-Corrected Fructosamine Are ...
Apr 25, 2013 ... Affiliation: Department of Nursing, National Taiwan University Hospital and ... Traditionally, glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) has been used to ...
Glycated hemoglobin and associated risk factors in older adults
1 Faculty of Sport Sciences and Physical Education, University of Coimbra, Estádio ... Glycated hemoglobin; Older adults; Risk factors; Functional fitness ...
Word! Glycosylated Hemoglobin Test (Hemoglobin A1c) - KidsHealth
Loma Linda University Medical Center - Children's Hospital ... This blood test measures the amount of glycosylated hemoglobin in the blood. In other words, it's a ...
Books on the term Glycated hemoglobin
Clinical Diabetes Mellitus: A Problem Oriented Approach
Clinical Diabetes Mellitus: A Problem Oriented Approach
John K. Davidson, 2000
Most often, Glycated hemoglobin is used in the routine care of patients as a surrogate mean blood glucose determination during the previous weeks to months. Although several studies, most notably the DCCT, have shown a direct relationship ...
Blood Proteins: Hemoglobin, Hemocyanin, Glycated Hemoglobin, ...
Blood Proteins: Hemoglobin, Hemocyanin, Glycated Hemoglobin, ...
Source: Wikipedia, Books Llc, 2010
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Handbook of Diabetes Medical Nutrition Therapy
Handbook of Diabetes Medical Nutrition Therapy
Margaret A. Powers (RD.), 1996
Glycated hemoglobin should be evaluated every 2 months to provide an assessment of control. This test can be used to help identify various types of problems. If the fasting plasma glucose level is normal and Glycated hemoglobin is elevated, ...
Manual of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Manual of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Norman Lavin, 2012
B. Glycated hemoglobin testing 1. Gestational diabetes. Data from the early 1980s from East Germany indicated that Glycated hemoglobin levels were strongly linked with the prevalence of congenital malformations observed among offspring ...
Diabetes Care Guide for Smartphones and Mobile Devices
Diabetes Care Guide for Smartphones and Mobile Devices
MobileReference, 2007
Glycosylated. hemoglobin. Glycosylated (or glycated) hemoglobin (hemoglobin A1c, Hb1c, HbA1c or HgA1c) is a form of hemoglobin used primarily to identify the plasma glucose concentration over time. Its name is sometimes abbreviated to ...
Development of Google searches


Blog posts on the term
Glycated hemoglobin
p m carpenter's commentary: Final PROOF of socialism's total failure: 6.5% glycated hemoglobin levels
Yep, I've read up on the Oregon Medicaid study and, sure enough, Krugman is right: Those who got Medicaid suffered much less financial distress and less depression; they received more preventive care; but on some (not all dimensions) their health...
pmcarpenter.blogs.com/p_m_carpenters_commentary/2013/05/yep-ive-readup-on-the-oregon-medicaid-studyand-sure-enough-krugman-is-right-those-who-got-medicaid-suffered-much-less-fi.html
Glycated Hb – a stable indicator of diabetes | DIY Health
diyhealth.com/glycated-hb-stable-indicator-diabetes.html
No Racial Differences in the Association of Glycated Hemoglobin With Kidney Disease and Cardiovascular Outcomes | National Minority Quality Forum, Inc.
diabetesriogrande.com/2013/06/no-racial-differences-in-the-association-of-glycated-hemoglobin-with-kidney-disease-and-cardiovascular-outcomes/
Lyxumia(Sanofi) reduces HbA1c-glycated hemoglobin in Type 2 Diabetes | epgonline.org
EPG Health News Diabetes and Endocrinology, Diabetes and Endocrinology, News Lyxumia lixisenatide from Sanofi a once daily investigational GLP 1 agonist in
www.epgonline.org/news/2012/jun/lyxumia-sanofi-reduces-hba1c-glycated-hemoglobin.cfm
Glycemic control and postoperative healing | Lower Extremity Review Magazine
Researchers have established that elevated levels of Glycated hemoglobin in patients with diabetes are associated with poor outcomes after foot and ankle surgery.
lowerextremityreview.com/cover_story/glycemic-control-and-postoperative-healing
Lchaim Retirement » Dementia risk tied to blood sugar level, even with no diabetes
lchaimretirement.ca/dementia-risk-tied-to-blood-sugar-level-even-with-no-diabetes/
Nutrition & Metabolism | Full text | Further decrease in glycated hemoglobin following ingestion of a LoBAG30 diet for 10 weeks compared to 5 weeks in people with untreated type 2 diabetes
We previously determined that a weight-maintenance, non-ketogenic diet containing 30% carbohydrate (CHO), 30% protein, 40% fat, (30:30:40) (LoBAG30) decreased Glycated hemoglobin (%tGHb) from 10.8 to 9.1% over a 5 week period in subjects with untreated type 2 diabetes. Both the fasting glucose and postprandial glucose area were decreased. Our objective in the present 10-week study was to determine: 1) whether the above results could be maintained, or even improved (suggesting a metabolic adaptation) and 2) whether the subjects would accept the diet for this longer time period. In addition, protein balance, and a number of other blood and urine constituents were quantified at 5 and at 10 weeks on the LoBAG30 diet to address metabolic adaptation.
www.nutritionandmetabolism.com/content/7/1/64
Cardiovascular Diabetology | Full text | Hemoglobin A1c variability as an independent correlate of cardiovascular disease in patients with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional analysis of the Renal Insufficiency and Cardiovascular Events (RIACE) Italian Mul
Previous reports have clearly indicated a significant relationship between hemoglobin (Hb) A1c change from one visit to the next and microvascular complications, especially nephropathy (albuminuria and albuminuric chronic kidney disease, CKD). In contrast, data on macrovascular disease are less clear. This study was aimed at examining the association of HbA1c variability with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the large cohort of subjects with type 2 diabetes from the Renal Insufficiency and Cardiovascular Events (RIACE) Italian Multicenter Study.
www.cardiab.com/content/12/1/98
Blood glucose monitoring should pay attention to the glycosylated hemoglobin - Diabetes prevention and treatment - Knowledge of life care
For a long time, the evaluation of long-term diabetes control level has been a difficult problem, fluctuations and injection of...
www.toprank365.com/Diabetes/1229.html
123