Ancient Hawaiian fishpond
The Hawaiian people practiced aquaculture through development of fish ponds (Hawaiian: loko iʻa), the most advanced fish husbandry among the original peoples of the Pacific. These fishponds were typically shallow areas of a reef flat surrounded by a low lava rock wall (loko kuapa) built out from the shore. Several species of edible fish (such as mullet) thrive in such ponds, and Hawaiians developed methods to make them easy to catch.
The Hawaiian fishpond was primarily a grazing area in which the fishpond keeper cultivated algae; much in the way a cattle rancher cultivates grass for his cattle. The porous lava walls let in seawater (or sometimes fresh or brackish water, as in the case of the "Menehune" fishpond near Līhuʻe, Kauaʻi), but prevent the fish from escaping. Fishponds were located next to the mouth of a scram, so by opening a sluice gate the pondkeeper provided the fish with water rich in nutrients that had passed through inland, terraced pondfields and returned to the stream.
Several fishponds have been restored in recent years. Although fishponds were developed on most islands, the largest number were found in Keʻehi Lagoon, Pearl Harbor, and Kāneʻohe Bay on Oʻahu, and along nearly the entire south shore of Molokaʻi. Few remain today, although Molokaʻi offers the best opportunities to view a Hawaiian loko.
Three different styles of fish ponds are being reconstructed at the Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park on the Big Island of Hawaiʻi. The non-profit ʻAoʻao O Na Loko Iʻa O Maui is restoring Kalepolepo Fishpond also known as Koʻieʻie in Kīhei using a mixture of volunteers and skilled stonemasons.

This is an excerpt from the article Ancient Hawaiian fishpond from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Ancient Hawaiian fishpond at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 24 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/22/2013)
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Ko'ie'ie: Rebuilding a Traditional Hawaiian Fishpond | Maui Theatre ...
Mar 29, 2011 ... The Ancient Hawaiian fishpond is a sophisticated land and ocean resource management technique. Utilizing raw materials such as rocks, ...
www.mauitheatre.com/blog/koieie-rebuilding-a-traditional-hawaiian-fishpond/
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History of He'eia Fishpond - Kamehameha Schools Distance Learning
Oct 7, 2003 ... Fishponds were very abundant in prehistoric Hawai'i. Many fishponds are known to have been on the islands of Hawai'i, Maui, Lana'i, Moloka'i, ...
ksdl.ksbe.edu/heeia/pages/history.html
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Ancient Hawaiian aquaculture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Hawaiian fishpond was primarily a grazing area in which the fishpond keeper ... Farber, Joseph M (1997) Ancient Hawaiian fishponds: can restoration ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Hawaiian_aquaculture
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Hawaiian Fishponds of Molokai | GoHawaii.com
Molokai has many well-preserved Hawaiian fishponds along 20 miles of its south shore, most built 700-800 years ago.
www.gohawaii.com/molokai/regions-neighborhoods/central-molokai/hawaiian-fishponds
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Hawaiian Fishponds & Gardens - Kualoa Ranch
Among Oahu's top cultural attraction and destination.
www.kualoa.com/tours/ancient-hawaiian-fishponds-garden-tour/
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A Manual on Hawaiian Fishpond Restoration and Management - ctahr
Despite such wide-ranging, ancient aquaculture activities, as W.K. Kikuchi stated in Pre- historic Hawaiian Fishponds, only a few cultures used permanent ponds ...
www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/Loko%20I'a%20Full%20Publication.pdf
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Ancient Hawaiian Fishponds: Joseph Farber, Joseph M. Farber ...
Ancient Hawaiian fishponds: Can Restoration Succeed on Moloka'i? is a well- researched account of the shoreline fishponds and the various attempts that have ...
www.amazon.com/Ancient-Hawaiian-Fishponds-Joseph-Farber/dp/0965978206
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Molokai Fishpond: Feature | Region 9: Water | US EPA
In ancient Hawai'i, fishponds were an integral part of the ahupua'a, the land area that stretched from the mountains to the coral reefs. The Hawai'ians built ...
www.epa.gov/region9/water/lokoia.html
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Hawaiian Fishponds - Hawaii.com
Ancient Hawaiian fishponds are a good example of aquaculture at its finest. Only a few of the 100 or so that once existed on Oahu still remain.
www.hawaii.com/travel/oahu/what_to_see/sightseeing/article/619/hawaiian_fishponds.php
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Ancient Hawaiian aquaculture - Wikipedia,…
The Hawaiian people practiced aquaculture through development of fish ponds, the most advanced fish husbandry among the original peoples of the Pacific. These ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancient_Hawaiian_fishpond
Search results for "Ancient Hawaiian fishpond"
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Ancient Hawaiian fishpond in science
Ancient Hawaiian aquaculture - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Farber, Joseph M (1997) Ancient Hawaiian fishponds: can restoration succeed on Molokaʻi? Cornell University. ISBN 978-0-9659782-0-0. Kamakau, Samuel ...
Restoration of Native Hawaiian Fishponds - University of Dayton ...
Competing personal and governmental interests come to bear on the usage, development, or destruction of Ancient Hawaiian fishponds. The Hawai'i courts ...
[PDF]A Manual on Hawaiian Fishpond Restoration and Management - ctahr
Extension Service/CTAHR, University of Hawai'i at Mänoa, Honolulu, Hawai'i 96822. An equal ..... The primary role of the Ancient Hawaiian fishponds was.
Hawaiian Fishpond Bibliography
“Sites: Ancient Hawaiian fishponds a.k.a. Royal Fish Ponds,” ... in conjunction with fishpond circulation studies conducted through the University of Hawai'i Sea ...
[PDF]Hawaiian Fishponds Today
Farber, Joseph M. 1997. Ancient Hawaiian fishponds: Can Restoration Succeed in Moloka'i? ... The University of Arizona, Ph.D. Dissertation, Anthropology.
Living The Hawaiian Dream: Ancient Hawaiian Fish Ponds
Sep 16, 2010 ... Auburn University ... The ancient Hawaiians and their vast system of fish ponds are one of the foremost examples of successful fish farming in ...
Fishing Sources - Hawaii History - Fishing
"Loko I`a O Hawai`i: Ancient Hawaiian fishponds and Their Changing Role in Society," Diana Malia Clifford, (Senior thesis, Princeton University, 1991) Na Pule ...
Decade After Condemnation, State Still Owns Homes on Ancient ...
May 13, 2010... house built over a vibrant Ancient Hawaiian fishpond, just steps from ... University of Hawaii, and later worked in insurance and real estate.
Books on the term Ancient Hawaiian fishpond
Tide and Current: Fishponds of Hawai'i
Tide and Current: Fishponds of Hawai'i
Carol Araki Wyban, 1992
In lyric prose and art, the book captures the essence of the timeless ecological truths she discovered.
Ecological Aquaculture: The Evolution of the Blue Revolution
Ecological Aquaculture: The Evolution of the Blue Revolution
Barry A. Costa-Pierce, 2008
References Apple, R.A. & Kikuchi, W.K. (1975) Ancient Hawaii Shore Zone Fishponds: An Evaluation of Survivors for Historical Preservation. National Park Service, Honolulu. Beckley, E.M. (1883) Hawaiian Fisheries and Methods of Fishing.
Turning the Tide: The Eradication of Invasive Species : ...
Turning the Tide: The Eradication of Invasive Species : ...
C. R. Veitch, Michael Norman Clout, 2002
property for its Ancient Hawaiian fishpond/landscape characteristics, so preserving this cultural landscape devoid of mangrove takes precedence over any special-interest concerns about preserving an invasive mangrove forest despite threats ...
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Blog posts on the term
Ancient Hawaiian fishpond
Ancient fishponds of Pearl Harbor give insight into Hawaiian history : Hookele – Pearl Harbor – Hickam News
Hawaii Navy and Air Force News
www.hookelenews.com/ancient-fishponds-of-pearl-harbor-give-insight-into-hawaiian-history/
Discover Hawaii Tours - Guided Tours, Hawaii Activities, and Top Sightseeing Tours in Hawaii
Discover Hawaii & book guided Hawaii tours & excursions, Hawaii activities & things to do with the best reviewed Hawaii tour company. Discover Hawaii with us!
www.discoverhawaiitours.com/activities/half-day-kualoa-ranch-adventure/
Living The Hawaiian Dream: Ancient Hawaiian Fish Ponds
I spent a weekend recently at the Fairmont Orchid at the Mauna Lani Resort, and learned that the Kalahuipua'a Fishponds are the spiritual center of the area. Predating even the earliest Western contact, the ponds are from the days when the land and sea supported the Hawaiian Ali'i (royalty) -- the original inhabitants of the land.
wesisland.blogspot.com/2010/09/ancient-hawaiian-fish-ponds.html
Waking Up on Turtle Island: Ancient Hawaiian Fish Pond
These are a couple more pictures of the fish pond at Heeia. "Fishponds were very abundant in prehistoric Hawai'i.
wakinguponturtleisland.blogspot.com/2007/08/ancient-hawaiian-fish-pond.html
Waiakauhi, Ancient Hawaiian Fishpond | Flickr - Photo Sharing!
Four Seasons Resort Hualalai at Historic Ka'upulehu. Kailua Kona, Big Island, Hawaii The pond was a tangle of weeds and overgrown mangrove forest. For the Four Seasons, reclaiming the pond was the first piece in what has become a larger vision to restore historic Ka'upulehu's rich fishing traditions and to establish cultural and ecological balance. Today, the fishpond supplies fresh fish, shrimp and other delicacies to Four Seasons Hualalai restaurants.
www.flickr.com/photos/jglennmontano3/3189218245/
Hawaiian Sunrise Waimanalo: Wiamanalo Fishpond
hawaiiansunrisewaimanalo.blogspot.com/2013/06/wiamanalo-fishpond.html
Best Hawaii Vacation with Hawaii Vacation Blog: Hawaiian Fish Ponds
Aloha Hawaii lovers,When we started our Best Hawaii Vacation blog, we told everybody that this is our way to share our love with Hawaii and the Hawaiian people. Without their aloha spirit and the endless beauty of the Hawaiian islands, their home, there would not a 'best Hawaii vacation' possible! We owe the Hawaiians gratitude and respect and love.
kohalacoastweb.blogspot.com/2008/09/hawaiian-fish-ponds.html
Hawaii Vacation Blog – Hawaii Travel Guide, Hawaii NewsMenehunes Made this Kauai Fishpond
The Alekoko Fishpond on Kaua‘i is said to have been built by the mythical people of ancient Hawai‘i.
www.hawaii-aloha.com/blog/2013/03/23/menehunes-made-this-kauai-fishpond/
Ho‘okuleana: Hawaiian Fishponds
In ancient Hawai‘i, fishponds were an integral part of the ahupua‘a. Hawaiians built rock-walled enclosures in near shore waters to raise fish for their communities and families.
totakeresponsibility.blogspot.com/2012/07/hawaiian-fishponds.html
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