Anavarza
Anazarbus (med. Ain Zarba; mod. Anavarza) was an ancient Cilician city, situated in Anatolia in modern Turkey, in the present Çukurova (or classical Aleian plain) about 15 km west of the main stream of the present Ceyhan River (or classical Pyramus river) and near its tributary the Sempas Su.
A lofty isolated ridge formed its acropolis. Though some of the masonry in the ruins is certainly pre-Roman, the Suda's identification of it with Cyinda, famous as a treasure city in the wars of Eumenes of Cardia, cannot be accepted in the face of Strabo's express location of Cyinda in western Cilicia.
Under the early Roman empire the place was known as Caesarea, and was the metropolis of Cilicia Secunda. Rebuilt by the emperor Justin I after an earthquake in the 6th century, it became Justinopolis (525); but the old native name persisted, and when Thoros I, king of Lesser Armenia, made it his capital early in the 12th century, it was known as Anazarva.
Its great natural strength and situation, not far from the mouth of the Sis pass, and near the great road which debouched from the Cilician Gates, made Anazarbus play a considerable part in the struggles between the Byzantine Empire and the early Muslim invaders. It had been rebuilt by Harun al-Rashid in 796, refortified at great expense by the Hamdanid Sayf al-Dawla (mid-10th century) but was then sacked by the Crusaders and returned to the Armenians. Most of the remaining fortifications including the Curtain walls and Keep date to this period and were built by the Armenians. The Mamluk Empire of Egypt finally destroyed the city in 1374.
The present wall of the lower city is of late construction. It encloses a mass of ruins conspicuous in which are a fine triumphal arch, the colonnades of two streets, a gymnasium, etc. A stadium and a theatre lie outside outside the walls to the south. The remains of the acropolis fortifications are very interesting, including roads and ditches hewn in the rock; but beyond ruins of two churches, a gatehouse, and a fine keep built by Thoros I There are no notable structures in the upper town. For picturesqueness the site is not equalled in Cilicia, and it is worthwhile to trace the three fine aqueducts to their sources. A necropolis on the escarpment to the south of the curtain wall can also be seen complete with signs of illegal modern excavations.
A visit in December, 2002 showed that the three aqueducts mentioned above have been nearly completely destroyed. Only small, isolated sections are left standing with the largest portion lying in a pile of rubble that stretches the length of where the aqueducts once stood. A powerful earthquake that struck the area in 1945 is thought to be responsible for the destruction.
A modest Turkish farming village lies to the southwest of the ancient city. A small outdoor museum with some of the artifacts collected in the area can be viewed for a small fee. Also nearby are some beautiful mosaics discovered in a farmers field. Inquire at the museum for a viewing.
Anazarbus/Anavarsa was one of a chain of Armenian fortifications stretching through Cilicia. Sis Castle (modern Kozan, Adana) lies to the north while Tumlu Kale (Tumlu Castle) lies to the southwest and Amouda Castle to the Southeast.

This is an excerpt from the article Anavarza from the Wikipedia free encyclopedia. A list of authors is available at Wikipedia.
The article Anavarza at en.wikipedia.org was accessed 9 times in the last 30 days. (as of: 07/22/2013)
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Anavarza (The Great Wall of Turkiye!) - Review of Anavarza Ruins ...
Anavarza Ruins: Anavarza (The Great Wall of Turkiye!) - See 6 traveler reviews, 13 candid photos, and great deals for Adana, Turkey, at TripAdvisor.
www.tripadvisor.com/ShowUserReviews-g297955-d3611186-r146867335-Anavarza_Ruins-Adana_Turkish_Mediterranean_Coast.html
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Anavarza Castle - Castles.nl
Nov 7, 2011 ... Anavarza Castle, locally known as Anavarza Kalesi, lies on a mountain near the village of Dilekkaya in the province of Adana in Turkey.
www.castles.nl/tr/avz/avz.html
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Anavarza Ruins Reviews - Adana, Turkish Mediterranean Coast ...
Anavarza Ruins, Adana: See 6 reviews, articles, and 13 photos of Anavarza Ruins, ranked No.1 on TripAdvisor among 20 attractions in Adana.
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Anazarbus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anavarza) was an ancient Cilician city, situated in Anatolia in modern Turkey, in the present Çukurova (or classical Aleian plain) about 15 km west of the main ...
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anazarbus
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Anavarza Castle
Anavarza. Castle. Entrance Fee - NONE. Getting There - About 90 minutes from Incirlik. This is a self ... Anavarza is one of the most difficult hikes offered by Out-.
www.39fss.com/docs/odr/Anavarza-Castle.pdf
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A Day in Anavarza - - mymerhaba.com
We're off on a day's adventure to Anavarza, the ancient city of Anazarbus. We leave with our small tour group at 8:30 am and ride for about 40 minutes (east ...
www.mymerhaba.com/A-Day-in-Anavarza-in-Turkey-3757.html
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Anavarza and Anavarza Castle Photo Gallery by Dick Osseman at ...
Apr 15, 2008 ... On the plain below lie the remains of the city of Anavarza near the Dilekkaya village. That city was founded in the 9th century BC by the ...
www.pbase.com/dosseman/anavarza&page=all
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Anavarza - REPUBLIC OF TURKEY MINISTRY OF CULTURE AND ...
Anavarza did not show any significant presence during the first two centuries of the Roman Empire period and was shadowed by Tarsus, the capital of the Cilicia ...
www.kultur.gov.tr/EN,39748/anavarza.html
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Anavarza Kalesi - Saklı Hazinemiz
Anavarza antik kenti Çukurova'nın tam ortasında, Anavarza Dağı'nın batı yakasında kurulmuş tarihi bir kenttir. Adana'nın Kozan ilçesinin Dilekkaya ...
www.anavarzakalesi.com/
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Anavarza | Facebook
Anavarza, Kozan. 8 likes · 0 talking about this. ... Share your videos with friends, family, and the world
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Search results for "Anavarza"
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Anavarza in science
Anazarbus - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Anavarza) was an ancient Cilician city, situated in Anatolia in modern Turkey, in the present Çukurova (or classical Aleian plain) ... Cambridge University Press.
Excavations begin in Adana's Anavarza ancient town - Today's Zaman
Özgan said during the ceremony that Anavarza is the most important ancient town in ... Associate Professor Murat Durukan, from Mersin University's archeology ...
Anavarza revisted | Mi & You…
Apr 21, 2012 ... Last month we made a return to the ruins of Anavarza castle, but we got ... instructor at an Adana university, began taking my yoga classes with ...
Academia.edu | People who have Anavarza as a research interest (1)
Anavarza. People 1. Questions 0. Documents 0. Journals 0. Jobs 0. Related Research Interests. Kaisareia, Caesarea ... Cukurova University. Undergraduate.
Actual: Ongoing excavations of the ancient city of Anavarza ...
Aug 9, 2013 ... Mersin University, Associate Professor, Department of Archaeology. ... Because of the ruins of Ephesus compete with a giant like Anavarza ...
Excavations begin in Adana's Anavarza ancient town. - Free Online ...
Sep 26, 2012 ... Free Online Library: Excavations begin in Adana's Anavarza ancient ... from Mersin University's archeology department, is leading the digs.
20 April 1905 - Gertrude Bell Archive - Newcastle University Library ...
Ap 20 [20 April 1905] Anavarza. Yesterday morning I found there were lots of inscriptions to be copied at Kars [Kadirli] and a church to be photographed, so what ...
The best guide to Kozan, Anavarza and Bucak; including Feke and ...
The best guide to Kozan, Anavarza and Bucak; including Feke and Saimbeyli .... Golden Gate University - Los AltosLos Altos, California 94022-1526, United ...
Anavarza and Anavarza Castle Photo Gallery by Dick Osseman at ...
Dick Osseman | profile | all galleries >> Anavarza and Anavarza Castle, tree view ... Istanbul University (45); Bosporus University or Boğaziçi Üniversitesi (30).
Books on the term Anavarza
They Burn the Thistles
They Burn the Thistles
Yaşar Kemal, 2007
Yasar Kemal's reoccurring character, Memed, is on the run, hunted by his enemies, wounded, at wit's end, and having lost all faith in himself--that is until me meets an extraordinarily beautiful stallion, itself a hunted creature.
The King
The King
David Feintuch, 2003
David Feintuch branched out into the world of magic and adventure with his critically acclaimed novel, The Still. It introduced Rodrigo, the brash young prince of Caledon. Now, his story continues...
The Military Orders: History and Heritage
The Military Orders: History and Heritage
Malcolm Barber, Victor Mallia-Milanes, 2008
part of an Armenian defence network.12 Indeed, Edwards himself has pointed out that this was one of several local fortresses which were merely repaired by Leon II and not built from scratch by him.11 The acropolis of Anavarza can also be ...
The Second Coming Trilogy: Book 1: The Protectors
The Second Coming Trilogy: Book 1: The Protectors
Mark Haeuser, 2000
For a thousand years, the lord of Death Belial has waited imprisoned in his realm. Now the time is at hand and he prepares to invade the world of humans a second time.Time is short and the almighty Arch Mage Dukemis begins to assemble the forces of good.Prince Julian; the boy who will unite a mighty kingdom.She Kuei; the fabled master warrior from ...
Memed, My Hawk
Memed, My Hawk
Yaşar Kemal, 2005
A tale of high adventure and lyrical celebration, tenderness and violence, generosity and ruthlessness, Memed, My Hawk is the defining achievement of one of the greatest and most beloved of living writers, Yashar Kemal.
The 13th House
The 13th House
Kira Kathlene Burns, 2012
Enter a world of vampires and witches, who have been at war for millennia. The former prefers to live in the shadows and desires only peace and quiet. The latter have made themselves known to the world, at the risk of harmful attention to their way of life. To make matters even more strenuous, factions inside each group are at odds with one another...
Turkey
Turkey
2007
To continue on to Anazarbus (Anavarza) and Karatepe, head north and east just after the Yılankale turn-off. About 37km east of Adana an intersection is signed on the left (north) for Kozan and Kadirli, on the right (south) for Ceyhan. Take the ...
The Still
The Still
David Feintuch, 1998
Compelling...charged with plenty of action. -- Publishers Weekly"A complex, unconventional fantasy from a writer who isn't afraid to take risks". -- Peter Heck, Asimov's Science Fiction MagazineYoung Prince Rodrigo is the heir to the throne of Caledon -- and the powerful magic that belongs to the kingdom's rulers. When his ...
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Blog posts on the term
Anavarza
Kazıları Devam Eden Anavarza Antik Kenti, Efes İle Yarışacak | Arkeoloji Haberleri - arkeolojihaber.net
Adana Müze Müdürü Kazım Tosun, Türkiye’nin en önemli ören yerlerinden biri olan Anavarza’da geçen yıl başlanan kazılara devam edildiğini
arkeolojihaber.net/2013/08/10/kazilari-devam-eden-anavarza-antik-kenti-efes-ile-yarisacak/
Anavarza | Love Ever After
We woke up Sunday to an unexpectedly beautiful day and, after weeks of sticking close to home, made the impromptu decision to head out to nearby Anavarza Castle for a day of hiking. Anavarza is a Byzantine castle up on a hill overlooking Roman ruins. It is remarkably intact. There are two paths up to…
laughterwithyou.wordpress.com/2013/02/26/anavarza/
SAHİPSİZ ŞEHRİN TAKIMI - ADANADEMİRSPOR: Anavarza'da çakan mavi şimşek
Aşağıdaki yazı 2008 yılında yazılmştır. .
demirspor1940.blogspot.com/2013/08/anavarzada-cakan-mavi-simsek.html
Pepee’li Anavarza Krem Bal - Kids&Gourmet
www.kidsgourmet.com.tr/?p=420
KozanBilgi.Tk - Kozanlıların Bilgi ve Eglence Mekanı
KozanBilgi.Tk,Kozan Haberler,Kozan Videolar,Kozan Chat,Eglence,Bilgi,Kültür,Tarih,Sondakika,Haberler,Tv,Fm,Belediye,Kaymakamlık,Net,Sağlık,Egitim,KozanGundem,KozanHaberKozanlıların Bilgi ve Eglence Mekanı,En Yeni Bilgi Paylaşımları
kozanbilgi.tk/kozan-anavarza-antik-kenti/
Trips with Outdoor Recreation in Turkey: Anavarza Castle
Anavarza is the most difficult of all the hikes offered by Outdoor Recreation. It is also one of the most intact castles with awe-inspiring views of the surrounding ancient city and farm lands.
39fss-odr.blogspot.com/2012/02/photos-courtesy-of-fatma-yoksuloglu.html
Kadirli Anavarza Anadolu Sağlık Meslek Lisesi | Kadirli Rehberi
www.kadirlim.com/kadirli-anavarza-anadolu-saglik-meslek-lisesi-0
Anavarza revisted | Mi & You…
Last month we made a return to the ruins of Anavarza castle, but we got to experience that unique landscape from an entirely different angle. Instead of scrambling around this... ...and this... ...we started at the bottom: The castle sits at the top of this cliff which rises straight up out of the ground. Shepherds…
miandyou.wordpress.com/2012/04/21/anavarza-revisted/
Anavarza Antik kentinin özellikleri nelerdir? TIKLAYINIZ | Bilgi Ufku | Genel Kültür ve Bilgi Sitesi
www.bilgiufku.com/anavarza-nedir.html
Hierapolis: Adana Anavarza
This site which was known as Caesarea or Anazarbus during the times of the Roman Empire, is 28 km to the south of the Kozan District of the Adana province. The small village built just outside the antique city walls is Dilekkaya.
historical.blogspot.com/2011/11/adana-anavarza.html
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